October 2014 - Just the Facts

October 2014 - Just the Facts (pdf)

Summary

Total cases receiving Public Assistance in Illinois rose by 30,358 (30,139 persons) in October 2014. Family Health Plan cases were responsible for the increase. Aided cases numbered 2,010,838 (3,432,910 persons), up 19.3 percent from year-earlier totals.

Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)

Benefits

  • Total TANF Benefits: A 174 case (863 person) increase resulted in a total 48,869 families (129,649 persons) receiving TANF benefits in October. The caseload was 3.4 percent lower than the October 2013 total.
  • "0" Grant Cases: There were 4,312 "0" grant cases (12,094 persons) included this month, down 10 cases and up 25 persons from September 2014.
  • TANF-Basic: TANF-Basic (primarily single-parent) families rose by 133 (690 persons) in October to 47,102 cases (122,028 persons).
  • Two-Parent Cases: Two-parent cases rose by 41 to a 1,767 total in October 2014. The number of persons increased by 173 to 7,621.

TANF Program Detail

  • Applications: The number of TANF applications received in October fell by 71 to a total of 10,642. Both new applications and re-applications decreased. Receipts included 9,130 applications for the Basic sector and 1,512 applications for the two-parent sector. There were 3,546 applications pending for the combined program this month, a decrease of 949 from September levels.
  • Approvals: There were 3,016 assistance approvals this month, including 2,076 new grants (up 88 from September 2014) and 940 reinstatements (up 83). A reinstatement is defined as approval of any case that was active within the previous 24 months.

Reasons for Case Openings

There were 2,723 October 2014 TANF openings for which reasons were available, down 58 from the September level. This total includes 2,589 cases from the Basic sector and 134 cases from the two-parent sector. Reasons for opening cases included the following:

REASONS FOR CASE OPENINGS % OF TOTAL CASE OPENINGS
Reinstatement after remedying Previous non-cooperation 1.8
Living below agency standards 80.3
Loss of employment 0.4
Loss of other benefits 5.7
Parent leaving home 0.1
Increased medical needs 4.0
Loss of unemployment benefits 0.3
All other reasons 7.4

Reasons for Case Closings

Reasons were available for 2,696 October 2014 TANF case closings - up by 12 cases from September. This total includes 2,676 cases from the Basic sector and 126 cases from the two-parent sector. Reasons for closing cases included the following:

REASONS FOR CASE CLOSINGS % OF TOTAL CASE CLOSINGS
Earned Income 33.6
Other Financial 3.1
Non-compliance* 34.5
Non-financial 28.8

*48 cases canceled in September 2014 for non-compliance related reasons were reinstated by October 2014 after complying. These cases had no break in assistance.

Assistance to the Aged, Blind or Disabled (AABD)

The total number of October 2014 AABD cases was down 847 or 3.0 percent from the number of cases a year earlier. The decrease was largely attributable to Disability Assistance, where the number of cases fell 665 or 2.4 percent from October 2013 levels.

  • One-Person AABD Cases: One-person cases receiving grants through AABD fell by 37 in October to a total of 27,041. This total includes 4,866 persons who qualified for Old Age Assistance; 102 persons who qualified for Blind Assistance; and 22,073 persons who qualified for Disability Assistance.
  • "0" Grant Status: The number of persons in "0" grant status fell by 5 to 1,545.
  • State Supplemental Payments: The number of individuals receiving State Supplemental Payments fell by 32 to 25,496.

Medical Assistance - No Grant

Family Health Plan customers were responsible for a monthly increase of 35,698 cases receiving Medical Assistance in October 2014. Persons increased by 36,124. This resulted in a program total of 1,698,590 cases (2,968,750 persons). Of the total, 77,474 MANG cases and 116,098 MANG persons were in Kid Care, Disabled Worker, Breast and Cervical Cancer, and Department of Correction offices first included in July 2014. AABD MANG cases in these offices totaled 12,858. Additional FHP cases totaled 64,616. Additional FHP persons totaled 103,240.

  • MANG: MANG recipients represent 84 percent of total cases and 86 percent of total persons. MANG cases increased 35.0 percent from their October 2013 levels, when they represented 74 percent of all cases.
  • Family Health Plans: Families increased by 36,698 to 1,183,724 from September to October 2014. Persons increased by 37,124 to 2,453,884. Two groups newly-eligible under the Affordable Care Act are responsible for much of the increase. The first group is Single Adults age 19 through 64, not otherwise eligible for other Medical Assistance with income at or below 138 percent of the Federal Poverty Level. Also added are Persons age 18 through 26 who were receiving Medicaid benefits when aged out of State Foster Care and who are not otherwise FHP or AABD clients.
  • AABD Clients: AABD customers who were categorically qualified for Medical Only fell by 848 to 474,083 one-person cases. AABD Group Care clients totaled 62,461.
  • Foster Care: Foster Care Assistance aided 40,783 children during this time period.

Applications - All Programs

In October 2014, application receipts for all programs excluding SNAP decreased by 2,653 to a total of 107,460. This count includes: 96,101 applications for Medical Assistance, 10,642 for TANF, and 717 for AABD grants. SNAP applications received through Intake and Income Maintenance decreased by 2,408 to 140,549.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

  • SNAP Assistance was given to 1,052,548 Illinois households (2,043,607 persons) in October 2014. This is an increase of 3.3 percent (33,615 households) from October 2013 levels.
  • Of this total, 816,210 households (1,736,137 persons) also received cash or medical benefits through other public assistance programs. This is an increase of 21.9 percent (146,431 households) from October 2013 levels.
  • A total of 236,338 households (307,470 persons) received Non-Assistance SNAP in October 2014. This is a 32.3 percent (112,816 household) decrease from October 2013 levels.

All Kids (KidCare)

  • All Kids, which began in January 1998, extends Medical coverage by expanding income eligibility standards (based upon the Federal Poverty Level) for pregnant women, infants born to Medical-eligible pregnant women, and certain other children under the age of 19.
  • Between January 5, 1998 and October 1, 2014 a total of 90,504 TANF-Medical Only persons were enrolled in All Kids Phase I due to this expansion of eligibility. Included in this total are 5,879 in the Moms and Babies program and 84,625 in the Assist program.
  • Cases ineligible for Medicaid due to excess income may be eligible for All Kids Phase II. October 1998 was the first month of enrollment. Phase II also requires co-pays and sometimes premiums. All Kids Share and All Kids Premium provide essentially the same benefits as Medical Assistance. A total of 22,710 Share and 32,368 Premium persons had enrolled by October 1.

FISCAL YEAR 2015 SUMMARY OF CASES AND PERSONS AS OF OCTOBER 2014

Program Cases Persons
TANF (PAYMENT CASES) 44,557 117,555
AABD CASH (ST SUPP PAYMENTS) 25,496 25,496
ZERO GRANTS TANF 4,312 12,094
ZERO GRANTS AABD 1,545 1,545
FAMILY HEALTH PLANS 1,183,724 2,453,884
AABD MANG 474,083 474,083
NON-ASSISTANCE SNAP 236,338 307,470
FOSTER CARE 40,783 40,783
REFUGEES CASH & MEDICAL 587 607
REFUGEES MEDICAL ONLY 131 131
TOTAL 2,012,556 3,433,648

Child Care

Child Care Services are available to families with income below 50 percent of the state median. Families must be working or enrolled in approved education or training activities. Families cost-share with co-payments based on income, family size and number of children in care. Services are delivered through a certificate program and a site-administered contract system.

  • The Certificate Program eligibility is determined by resource and referral agencies. Parents choose subsidized full or part-time care from any legal care provider that meets their needs. Providers include child-care centers, family homes, group child-care home and in-home and relative care. In October 2014, an estimated 194,713 children were served by certificate.
  • The Site-Administered Contract Program serves families through a statewide network of contracted licensed centers and family homes. Families apply for care directly with the contracted providers and eligibility is determined on-site by the provider. In October` 2014, an estimated 6,663 children were served by contract.
  • The Migrant Head Start Program provides child care and health and social services for preschool children of migrant and seasonal farm workers. Services are provided by local community based agencies. The program is federally funded and serves approximately 450 children during the harvest season.

Emergency Food, Shelter and Support

Homeless families and individuals receive food, shelter and support services through local not-for-profit organizations. A "continuum of care" includes emergency and transitional housing and assistance in gaining self-sufficiency and permanent housing.

  • The Emergency and Transitional Housing Program served 5,488 households in shelters during April-June 2014. Of those 1,085 were households with children.
  • The Emergency Food Program served 981,500 households from April-June 2014.
  • The Homeless Prevention Program helps families in existing homes and helps others secure affordable housing. During April-June 2014, 1,061 households were served. Of those, 654 were families (Households with children under age 18).
  • The Supportive Housing Program funds governments and agencies which serve families and transitional facility residents. In April-June 2014, 548,459 nights of Supportive Housing were provided.
  • The Refugee and Immigrant Citizenship Initiative funds the provision of English language, civics and U.S. history instruction as well as application services. During April-June 2014, 1,146 clients had received instruction and 1,753 were assisted with their citizenship applications.
  • Of the refugees served, 420 entered employment, and 239 retained jobs 90 days. The average wage earned was $11.18 an hour. 281 refugees received health benefits in the February-May 2014 period.
  • The Outreach and Interpretation project assures access to IDHS benefits. In the April-June 2014 quarter, 17,451 clients received case management, 3,231 received interpreter service, and 6,272 received translation service.

Social Service Block Grants

Service funding is provided through the Federal Title XX Social Services Block Grant to manage and monitor contracts which help customers achieve economic self-support and prevent or remedy abuse and neglect.

  • Crisis Nurseries served an estimated 550 customers during theApril-June 2014 quarter.
  • The Estimated Donated Funds Initiative aided 13,683 customers with 65,520 rides provided for Seniors during the April-June 2014 quarter.

Early Intervention (EI)

The Illinois Early Intervention (EI) program serves infants and toddlers birth to 3 years old with developmental delays or disabilities and their family in or more of the following areas of development: adaptive; cognitive, communication/speech, physical and social emotional. EI is part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part C for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities. Annually, the EI program serves approximately 20,000 children throughout the state and maintains 25 regional intake entities called Child and Family Connections (CFC) offices. CFCs handle referrals, intake and service coordination for infants and toddlers with Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs).

Early Intervention services include, but are not limited to: developmental evaluations and assessments, communication/speech therapy, developmental therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, service coordination, psychological and assistive technology. Evaluations, assessments, service plan development and service coordination are provided to families as no cost. Ongoing EI services are paid for by public insurance (Medicaid/All Kids), a family's private health insurance, when appropriate, state general revenue and other program funds. Families are assessed a family participation fee based on a sliding scale which considers their ability to pay.

Program Statistics

Indicator September 2014 SFY 2015 Average SFY 2014 Average SFY 2013 Average
Referrals 3,054 2,858 2,839 2,592
Active IFSP's 20,668 20,731 20,342 19,662
0-3 Participation Rate 4.05% 4.06% 3.99% 3.96%
Under 1 Participation Rate 1.24% 1.25% 1.24% 1.07%
% With Medicaid 60.4% 60.2% 61.1% 48.90%
% With Insurance 35.3% 35.4% 34.5% 36.70%
% With Fees 28.2% 28.2% 27.7% 27.40%

 What's New in EI

As part of the Part C (Early Intervention) Annual Performance Report (APR) submission for February 2015, a new Indicator calls for states to develop a State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP). The SSIP is a comprehensive, multi-year plan based upon detailed data and infrastructure analysis. The plan will identify a focus for improvement and describe improvement strategies that will lead to a measurable child-based result. Strategies will support CFC offices and early intervention providers in implementing, scaling-up, and sustaining evidence-based practices that will result in improved outcomes for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families. In February 2016, the EI Program will report on Phase II of the SSIP, which will identify changes to infrastructure, resources needed, expected outcomes, timeliness for completing improvement activities, and an evaluation plan.

Women Infants and Children (WIC)

The purpose of WIC is to provide nutrition education and counseling, breastfeeding promotion and support, nutritious food and referrals to services for eligible pregnant, breastfeeding and postpartum women, infants and children to age five. The program has been housed under the Department of Human Services for the last 16 years. In order to be eligible, participants must be at 185% of the federal poverty level; be a resident of the State of Illinois; and have a nutrition risk.

Program Statistics

Eligibility Category Clients in August 2014
Pregnant Women 30,371
Breastfeeding Women 17,036
Postpartum Women 16,933
Infants 71,221
Children 132,650

What's New in WIC

Participant Centered Services (PCS) are being cultivated throughout the Illinois WIC Program. PCS is a comprehensive, outcome-based model developed by Altarum Institute to promote the adoption of positive nutrition- and health-related behaviors by Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) families. PCS is a comprehensive systems change model for participant interaction that touches upon all aspects of WIC functions and service delivery. PCS puts the participant at the core of WIC service delivery and targets the most important determinants of behavior change: self-efficacy, skill building, and readiness to change. PCS focuses on a person's capacities, strengths and developmental needs, rather than solely on problems, risks or negative behaviors.

Within the PCS framework, the participant and the WIC staff form a partnership to engage in interactive discussions based on the particular needs and circumstances of the participant. This approach contrasts with the traditional, didactic WIC assessment and education model, which places the nutrition educator in an authoritative position, providing information and direction to the participant. Although the didactic approach is somewhat successful in delivering information and increasing nutrition knowledge, it is less effective at promoting real behavior change.

Family Case Management

The program target population is low income families (below 200% of the federal poverty level) with a pregnant woman, an infant or a child with a high-risk condition. The goals of the program are to help women have healthy babies and to reduce the rates of infant mortality and very low birth weight. To achieve these goals the program conducts outreach activities to inform expectant women and new mothers of available services and then assists them with obtaining prenatal and well-child care. The program works with community agencies to address barriers to accessing medical services, such as child care, transportation, housing, food, mental health needs and substance abuse services. Services are provided statewide through local health departments, federally qualified health centers and community-based organizations. Home visits by a public health nurse are provided to the families of infants with medical problems.

Program Statistics

Category Medicaid Non-Medicaid
Cook County
Children 7,498 987
Infants 21,841 3,013
Pregnant 11,180 1,540
Downstate
Children 9,114 950
Infants 34,732 4,120
Pregnant 17,937 1,976
Statewide
Children 16,612 1,937
Infants 56,573 7,133
Pregnant 29,117 3,516

Program Accomplishments

Family Case Management has contributed to the overall reduction in the state's infant mortality and has reduced expenditures for medical assistance during the first year of life. Program outcomes are more effective in the integrated system of Family Case Management and WIC. Recent statistics show:

  • The infant mortality rate is 50 to 70% lower
  • The rate of premature birth is 60 to 70% lower
  • Medicaid expenditures for health care in the first year of life are up to 50% lower
  • Participation in WIC and FCM saves Illinois an average of $200 million each year in Medicaid expenses

Bureau of Program & Performance Management

December 2014