Previous - Next
4B - DMC Data Discussions
There have been no changes to the DMC Data Discussions section since the submission of the FFY 2009 application. However, the additional analysis has been prepared as directed and is included below.
New RRI Data Discussion Section
In 2005, the State of Illinois reported three decision points that showed statistical significance in terms of RRI numbers. These areas were Juvenile Arrests (6.00), Cases Involving Secure Detention (0.87), and Cases Involving Confinement in Secure Juvenile Correction Facilities (1.36), for African American youth. Juvenile Arrests and Confinement to Secure Juvenile Correction Facilities also had high degrees of volume for African Americans. Arrests were calculated at 30,399 and Confinement to Secure Juvenile Correction Facilities at 9,740. Cases Involving Secure Detention, however, displayed low degrees of magnitude and volume, with 877 cases reported.
The RRIs for Juvenile Arrests and Cases Involving Confinement to Secure Juvenile Correction Facilities were also statistically significant; however, in both of these circumstances the volume was very low (221 arrests and 37 youth securely confined). The issue of juvenile arrests across the state has been a targeted focus of the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission. Efforts have been made to decrease arrests through station adjustment initiatives, school-based interventions and diversion programs. The IJJC will continue to monitor these trends.
In 2007 Cook County reported three decision points that displayed statistical significance in terms of RRI numbers. These areas were Juvenile Arrests (5.08), Cases Involving Secure Detention (9.08), and Cases Involving Confinement to Secure Juvenile Correction Facilities (6.10), for African American youth. Juvenile Arrests also were statistically significant for Asians in terms of arrests ( 0.22). There were 22, 454 arrests and 5,144 Cases Involving Secure Detention for African Americans, both areas with high volume. The volume of Juvenile Arrests for Asians was very low, with only 150 arrests reported. Cases Involving Secure Detention also had a lower volume for African Americans, with 285 cases reported. All of the aforementioned decision points for African Americans are targeted areas of concern for the IJJC. Several diversion programs, including electronic monitoring initiatives, evening reporting centers, and mediation programs, have been initiated in hopes of deferring youth from detention centers. Illinois State Representatives and Senators from Cook County have also taken notice of the DMC issue, as evidenced by the passing of State Senate Bills 2476 and 1030, both of which specifically address DMC; these bills are discussed later in this section. The IJJC will continue to focus on these issues.
In Peoria County in 2006 the Relative Rate Index for seven decision points - all except Cases Petitioned and Cases Transferred into Adult Court -- were statistically significant for African Americans. The rate for Juvenile Arrests for Latinos was also significant (2.05); however, the volume of actual arrests was low (19). For African Americans, Juvenile Arrests were reported at 959 (with an RRI of 11.37); Referrals to Juvenile Court at 666 (RRI 1.37); Cases Involving Secure Detention at 621 (RRI 0.47); Delinquent Findings at 242 (RRI 0.30); and Cases Involving Secure Confinement in Juvenile Correctional Facilities at 58 (RRI 2.74).
There were high volumes of cases diverted (709) and juveniles who were placed on probation (161). The high number of juveniles who were diverted has raised the question as to how many of the arrests were justifiable. In the past year, Peoria County has made concerted efforts to address this concern. Many of the juveniles placed in detention were placed due to Failure to Appear warrants. Peoria has also worked to address this situation.
Peoria has also established an alternative to secure detention for juveniles charged with Domestic Battery. Currently, juveniles charged with Domestic Battery are automatically detained per the county's detention screening instrument. This provision was incorporated in the instrument as previously there was no other alternative placement available. Juveniles charged with Domestic Battery may now be referred to Illinois' CCBYS program (Comprehensive Community Based Youth Services) for investigation into alternative placement. Referral to this program is limited only to those juveniles charged with Domestic Battery in which no serious injury or medical treatment was necessary for the victim. This protocol has recently been approved by the Peoria Police Department and States Attorney. Peoria has also expanded the use of Peacekeeping Circles and Balanced and Restorative Justice efforts in additional area schools. It is believed that these efforts will work to reduce disproportionate minority contact in Peoria County.
St. Clair County
In 2006 St. Clair County reported statistical significance in RRI numbers in three decision points: Juvenile Arrests, (2.05); Cases Diverted (0.59); and Cases Involving Secure Detention (1.73). All of the statistically significant numbers were for African Americans. African Americans had a relatively low volume of arrests (524 out of a population of 10,781) but a high volume of cases sent to detention (528). St. Clair County has established a drug court to address these issues, as many of the cases involved drug charges. It should also be noted that whites were more likely than blacks to be diverted, despite the fact that there were more arrests of African American youth. The Lessie Bates Davis Neighborhood House has established diversion programs in the DMC target areas as a prevention measure for decreasing system involvement.
In 2007 Macon County reported statistical significance for RRI numbers for two decision points: Cases Involving Secure Detention (9.81) and Cases Involving Delinquent Findings. (6.61). In both of these instances, African Americans were the population displaying the significance. Although both of these numbers are high, the volume for Cases Involving Secure Detention was low (138), as was the volume for Cases Involving Delinquent Findings (110). Macon County has operated a successful truancy program that has allowed youth who have come into contact with the system for truancy (as well as other minor charges) to have their cases dismissed through participation in a Truancy Court that allows youth to receive educational and mentoring services. Over 109 cases have been diverted through this initiative; students have also displayed increased attendance in school and academic performance. Macon County has also worked to change its risk assessment tool in the interest of decreasing detention numbers, and is also working to decrease Failure to Appear warrants through an automated phone system.
Previous - Next