Offense Categories


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Offense Categories

Offenses were grouped into eight categories: person, sex, weapons, property, drug, noncompliance, status, and "other".

Data from detention and correctional centers use their own hierarchical system to determine the most serious offense at the time of admission, and identify offense category only by one offense. Arrest data contain information about multiple charges. The Authority has developed a method of classifying and organizing arrest incidents to determine and classify arrests by the most serious charge in an incident should there be multiple charges. To maintain consistency, the same offense category classification system was used for arrest, detention, and corrections data.

Person offenses

Person offenses are any offense against another person. For the purposes of this report, the following offenses or groups of offenses were categorized as person offenses: all types of battery (such as domestic, heinous, and aggravated), all types of assault (such as simple and aggravated), homicide, all types of robbery (such as armed and aggravated), ritual mutilation, reckless conduct, ritualized child abuse, offenses involving children (child abuse, neglect, or endangerment), home invasion, vehicular hijacking, arson with persons present, and kidnapping.

Sex offenses

Sex offenses are any sexually-based offense against another person. For the purposes of this report, the following offenses or groups of offenses were categorized as sex offenses: all types of criminal sexual assault (such as predatory and aggravated), all types of criminal sexual abuse (such as simple and aggravated), solicitation, pandering, prostitution, pimping, obscenity, all pornography charges, exploitation, public indecency, sexual relations within families, and sexual misconduct with disabled and animals.

Weapons offenses

Weapons offenses are any offense involving a weapon in which injury did not occur. For the purposes of this report, the following offenses or groups of offenses were categorized as weapons offenses: all types of unlawful use or possession of a weapon (including firearms, ammunition, and other weapons), unlawful discharge of a firearm, unlawful sale, delivery, or purchase of a firearm, reckless discharge of a firearm, defacing firearm identification, armed violence, and all Firearm Owner's Identification (FOID) card violations.

Property offenses

The ICJIA report categorized as property offenses the following offenses or groups of offenses: all types of burglary (such as residential and theft from a motor vehicle), all types of theft (such as retail theft, pocket-picking, motor vehicle theft, and theft from a building), all types of arson (such as residential and aggravated), all types of deceptive practices (such as forgery, fraud, identity theft, embezzlement, and possession of stolen property), all types of criminal damage, all types of criminal trespassing, and all types of vandalism.

Drug offenses

For the purposes of the report, the following offenses or groups of offenses were categorized as drug offenses: all violations of the Cannabis Control Act (such as possession and delivery), all violations of the Controlled Substances Act (such as possession, delivery, and manufacturing), all violations of the Hypodermic Syringes and Needles Act, all violations of the Drug Paraphernalia Act, and non-status offense violations of the Liquor Control Act (such as sale of liquor to a minor and liquor transportation violations).

Noncompliance

Noncompliance offenses are any offenses in which the individual did not comply with mandates or stipulations of public officials or court orders. For the purposes of this report, the following offenses or groups of offenses were categorized as noncompliance offenses: contempt of court, interference with the judicial process, escape, fleeing or eluding a peace officer, resisting a peace officer, obstructing a peace officer, disarming a peace officer, obstruction of justice, all court order violations (violating orders of protection, failure to pay child support, technical violations of probation and parole), and criminal registry violations.

Juvenile-specific offenses

Juvenile specific offenses, or status offenses, are offenses that are illegal due to the age of the offender and would not be criminal if committed by an adult. For the purposes of this report, the following offenses were categorized as status offenses: curfew violations, possession or consumption of liquor by a minor, running away, truancy, minor requiring authoritative intervention, misrepresentation of age by a minor, and zero tolerance.

Other offenses

Offenses designated as "other" are offenses that do not fit into one of the previously defined categories. For the purposes of this report, the following offenses or groups of offenses were categorized as other offenses: driving under the influence, reckless driving, all other motor vehicle offenses (such as driving on a suspended or revoked license, improper registration, drag racing, and driving without insurance), all types of gambling (such as operating or playing a dice game and bookmaking), all types of disorderly conduct (such as obscene phone calls, disorderly conduct, mob action, and telephone harassment), all types of animal cruelty (such as dog fighting), and possession of burglary tools.


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