Section 1 – Structure and Function

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Section 1 - Structure and Function

A. Structure and Function

There have been no changes to the structure and function of the juvenile justice system in Illinois since submission of the FFY 2009 application.

B. Service Network

There have been no changes to the initiatives in the state affecting juveniles since the submission of the FFY 2009 application with the exception of the following:

The Crossroads program was discontinued due to state budgetary issues. This program was not supported with federal OJJDP funds.

Public Act 95-1050 removes the 'pilot' status of the Redeploy Illinois program and permits the state to offer the program beyond the pilot counties and make it more accessible to approximately 70 additional counties that were previously excluded based on low numbers of delinquent youth. The low numbers reflect sparse population, not lack of need for services in those areas.

C. Legislation

The following are changes to Illinois statutes that impact juvenile justice structure and function:

Public Act 95-1031, passed in January 2009, moved youth 17 years of age charged with misdemeanor offenses under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. This law went into affect January 1, 2010. Youth 17 years old charged with felonies will still be considered adults under Illinois criminal law.

Public Act 96-0707 improves the process for juveniles with arrests for misdemeanor offenses to clear their records. Beginning January 1, 2010, a hearing will be held when a juvenile with a first offense misdemeanor turns 18 or upon completion of their sentence, whichever comes later. If local prosecutors do not file limited objections as outlined in the law, expungement of the record will be automatic.

Public Act 95-0846 became effective January 1, 2009. It provides that the courts shall cause counsel to be appointed at the time a petition is filed, and that a detention or shelter care hearing cannot be held until the minor has had an adequate opportunity to consult with counsel.

Public Act 96-0853 directs the Juvenile Justice Commission to study juvenile offenders released from state custody but later returned for parole violations, and to recommend steps the state could take to help young offenders successfully complete the terms of their parole.

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