Decision Making/Problem Solving Model

Decision Making/Problem Solving Model

The Decision Making/Problem Solving Model provides a process that people can use to help in making decisions or solving problems. It can be used for most situations in life.

STEPS IN THE PROCESS

  1. CHECK YOUR THINKING - What is you present level of well-being? Before you can start the process of problem solving it would be advisable to be in as good a mood as possible. That way you will be more solution focused. Your thinking will be clearer and more efficient. If you can't wait until your thinking is more relaxed seek assistance from someone who is clearer.
  2. DEFINE THE PROBLEM - State exactly what the problem or situation is which needs to be dealt with. This may seem obvious, but often people do not identify the real problem.
  3. CONSIDER ALL ALTERNATIVES - list all possible ways to resolve the problem or possible decisions that could be made. List at least 3 alternatives because people with problems often only see in black and white. Frequently, not always, the third option is best.
  4. CONSIDER THE CONSEQUENCES OF EACH ALTERNATIVE - List all the possible outcomes for each alternative course of action that could be taken. Many alternatives can yield both positive and negative consequences. It is important to list the pros and cons for each proposed action. Neglecting to consider the consequences often compounds problems.
  5. CHOOSE ONE OR MORE ALTERNATIVES - After carefully considering the consequences of each alternative, with a relaxed mind, choose the most appropriate alternative.
  6. IMPLEMENT THE DECISION - In simple words --- "JUST DO IT!" Do what is necessary to carry out the decision you have made. Many people have trouble putting their decisions into action. Make a commitment to your decision and set a timeline to put it into action.
  7. EVALUATE THE RESULTS OF THE DECISION - Evaluate whether or not you are satisfied with the results of the action you took. If you are, leave well enough alone. If not, go back to step one and relax your mind, then proceed to step two (you may have identified the wrong problem) and go through the process again.