According to the DSM-IV-TR, the first criterion, A1, for PTSD is "The essential feature of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor involving direct personal experience of an event that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury, or other threat to one's physical integrity; or witnessing an event that involves death, injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of another person; or learning about unexpected or violent death, serious harm, or threat of death or injury experienced by a family member or other close associate," (American Psychiatric Association, p. 463).
The survey was designed to address criterion A1 through questions one through seventeen which ask about different traumatic events that the participants may have experienced or witnessed. The responses that the participants were given to choose from included Never, Sometimes, Often and Very Often. As mentioned earlier, 315 participants were surveyed but only 311 surveys were kept for the purpose of data analyzing. The four that were discarded were because the participants were out of the target age group being 24 or older. Of the 311 surveys that were used, the questions vary in how they were answered. It is important to note that every question discusses a negative event that has occurred and the answers of sometimes, often and very often combined were greater than the answer of never. This indicates that the majority of participants surveyed have experienced a number of traumatic events at least sometimes. The different responses will be shown in the charts and graphs below.
This chart demonstrates the responses on average per question. Missing indicates a missing response.
Below is the number of times each participant according to the different categories per question. The percentages are highlighted in gray. This is according to the 311 surveys. The missing responses range from one missing response in some of the questions to 10 missing responses for questions six and nine.
Questions one through four are the questions that focus on being a victim, witness or perpetrator of verbal abuse. Findings in this area include:
Questions five through seven focus on the area of physical assault. Through these questions, participants responded as to whether they have ever been involved in a physical altercation or witnessed one. Findings include:
Questions eight through ten are about being exposed to an assault with a weapon or being the victim of an assault with a weapon. Findings include:
Questions 11 and 12 focus on exposure to sexual abuse. Findings include the following:
Question 13 asked if the participant has ever attacked anyone when experiencing anger or negative feelings.
Questions 14-17 explore the issue of exposure to domestic violence and teen dating violence. Findings in this area include:
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