Separation of Adult and Juvenile Offenders

Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission
for Calendar Years 2007 and 2008

February 10, 2009

Separation of Adult and Juvenile Offenders

In the event that an adult and juvenile offender are incarcerated at the same time in the same jail or lockup, they must be separated so that they cannot see or hear one another.

Status of Compliance

  • In calendar years 2006 and 2007, there were no findings of non-compliance with the separation requirement, and in the first nine months of 2008 there have been no findings. Illinois has a strong history of being in compliance with the separation requirements of the JJDP Act. Before the core requirements of the Act were established, the state had statutorily mandated that adult and juvenile offenders be held "sight and sound separate."

IJJC Action and Recommendations


  • The Commission and its contractors continue to offer technical assistance and training to facilities that may hold both youth and adults. Further, technical assistance is given to any facility contemplating such action.


  • Facilities should be discouraged from housing both juveniles and adults as it is difficult to ensure staff are properly trained to deal with both populations and generally requires separate staff for juveniles and adults which becomes costly for the facility.