The Reduction of Infant Mortality in Illinois

The Family Case Management Program and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC)

The number of persons served by the WIC and FCM programs during Fiscal Year 2008 is presented in Table 2. FCM does not keep a separate count of the number of participating "postpartum or breastfeeding women." However, under USDA guidelines, these women comprise a separate category of eligibility for the WIC program.

Table 2
Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programs
by Type of Client and Program - FY 2008
Type of Client WIC FCM
Pregnant Women 118,264 117,804
Post Partum or Breastfeeding Women 50,113 N/A
Infants 188,216 173,613
Children 176,160 51,011
Total 532,753 342,428

The caseload of FCM has remained fairly constant while WIC has expanded in recent years as illustrated in Table 3.

Table 3:
Total Number of Persons
Served in WIC and FCM Programs
by Program and State Fiscal Year
Fiscal Year
Program 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
FCM 366,675 370,286 371,487 371,676 345,769 342,428
WIC 503,425 508,250 516,568 514,350 519,250 532,753

The WIC and FCM programs together reach approximately 47 percent of all infants and nearly 85 percent of Medicaid-eligible infants born in Illinois each year. Women who are at greatest risk for giving birth prematurely or having a baby with other health problems are over-represented in the caseload of the WIC and FCM programs. More than two-thirds of African American women who give birth in Illinois each year, as well as two-thirds of Hispanic and Latino women, three-fourths of unmarried mothers and four-fifths of teen-aged mothers participate in the WIC or FCM programs each year. The programs are reaching their intended target population. Refer to Table 4.

WIC and FCM serve 47 percent of all infants born in Illinois and nearly 85 percent of all Medicaid eligible infants.

Table 4: Number and Percent of All Live Births and Live Births to WIC or FCM Participants, by Demographic Group* Illinois, 2006 All WIC or FCM Participants
Group Number Percent Number Percent Percent of Group
White 134,671 76.7% 58,060 70.5% 43.1%
Black 30,913 17.6% 21,794 26.5% 70.5%
Asian and Native American** 10,026 5.7% 2,467 3.0% 24.6%
All 175,610 100.0% 82,321 100.0% 46.9%
Hispanic 44,149 25.1% 32,407 39.4% 73.4%
Single 68,481 39.0% 53,373 64.8% 77.9%
Teen 17,643 10.0% 15,217 18.5% 86.2%

* Resident live births occurring in Illinois. From birth file released to IDHS from IDPH.

**Includes all other races.