The Reduction of Infant Mortality in Illinois
The Family Case Management Program and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC)
The number of persons served by the WIC and FCM programs during Fiscal Year 2008 is presented in Table 2. FCM does not keep a separate count of the number of participating "postpartum or breastfeeding women." However, under USDA guidelines, these
women comprise a separate category of eligibility for the WIC program.
Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programs
by Type of Client and Program - FY 2008
|Type of Client
|Post Partum or Breastfeeding Women
The caseload of FCM has remained fairly constant while WIC has expanded in recent years as illustrated in Table 3.
Total Number of Persons
Served in WIC and FCM Programs
by Program and State Fiscal Year
The WIC and FCM programs together reach approximately 47 percent of all infants and nearly 85 percent of Medicaid-eligible infants born in Illinois each year. Women who are at greatest risk for giving birth prematurely or having a baby with other
health problems are over-represented in the caseload of the WIC and FCM programs. More than two-thirds of African American women who give birth in Illinois each year, as well as two-thirds of Hispanic and Latino women, three-fourths of unmarried mothers
and four-fifths of teen-aged mothers participate in the WIC or FCM programs each year. The programs are reaching their intended target population. Refer to Table 4.
WIC and FCM serve 47 percent of all infants born in Illinois and nearly 85 percent of all Medicaid eligible infants.
|Table 4: Number and Percent of All Live Births and Live Births to WIC or FCM Participants, by Demographic Group* Illinois, 2006
||WIC or FCM Participants|
||Percent of Group|
|Asian and Native American**
* Resident live births occurring in Illinois. From birth file released to IDHS from IDPH.
**Includes all other races.