Comprehensive Community-Based Youth Services (CCBYS)
Administered by: Bureau of Youth Intervention Services
FY2022 Program & Performance Information
To increase family reunification/preserve and stabilize families; and to divert or minimize involvement in the child welfare and/or juvenile justice systems.
Youth will be safe; stable; diverted from the child welfare system and diverted from the juvenile justice system.
CCBYS is authorized by the Children and Family Services Act (20 ILCS 505/17 and 17a) and implements Article 3 of the Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1987 (705 ILCS 405/3 et seq.). This statewide 24/7 crisis intervention system is mandated to serve youth in crisis as defined in the Illinois Juvenile Court Act. These are youth who are away from home without parental consent and youth beyond the control of their parents in circumstances which constitute an immediate or substantial danger to the youth's physical safety. CCBYS also serves, in conjunction with DCFS, youth whose parents will not allow them to return home. Further, CCBYS may serve youth in high-risk situations, and their families when appropriate, according to their needs and in keeping with the goal of family preservation, reunification and/or family stabilization, or independence. A continuum of services is available statewide and may be provided to youth at risk of involvement in the Child Welfare and/or Juvenile Justice systems.
Any youth who are 11-17 years of age and at risk of involvement with the child welfare and/or juvenile justice system are eligible for CCBYS services.
Crisis Youth (Mandated)
The CCBYS program considers crisis youth to be Runaways, lockouts, and youth beyond the control of parents in circumstances which constitute an immediate or substantial danger to the youth's physical safety. These youth will be served 24/7 statewide.
Non-Crisis Youth (Discretionary)
The CCBYS program considers non-crisis youth to be those youth that are not currently in crisis. Non-crisis youth are considered to be those youth at risk of crisis or at risk of delinquency, or both. These at risk youth are eligible to receive CCBYS services at the determination of the CCBYS program provider agency.
- Statewide 24/7 crisis intervention services
- Juvenile justice system intervention services
- Ensure the safety of youth
- Individual and family crisis intervention
- Conduct Crisis / Safety Assessment
- Develop and implement crisis stabilization plan
- Reunification and family preservation services
- Provide placement services for crisis youth - shelter, foster care, etc.
- Juvenile justice system intervention services
- Conduct YASI assessments (Initial assessment, reassessment and/or closing assessment)
- Conduct additional assessments as needed (mental health, substance abuse; trauma, etc.)
- Develop and implement an individualized case plan to address identified needs
- Work with youth and family to increase protective factors and decrease risk factors
- Develop and implement a discharge plan
- Provide appropriate referral and follow-up
2022 Program Sites / Service Areas:
CCBYS is a network of community-based providers serving the entire state. Currently there are 29 funded agencies with 11 subcontractors.
CCBYS Program Data/Performance - FY 2022
CCBYS Youth Served
5,600 youth were served in the CCBYS Program in 2022. They breakdown as follows:
- Crisis Youth
1,961 or 35% of the CCBYS youth served were identified as crisis/mandated cases. (Runaways, lockouts, and youth beyond the control of parents in circumstances which constitute an immediate or substantial danger to the youth's physical safety)
- 969 or 49.41% were runaways
- 601 or 30.65% were lockouts
- 441 or 73.38% were parental lockouts
- 160 or 26.62% were institutional lockouts
- 79 or 49.38% were psychiatric lockouts
- 17 or 10.63% were secure confinement lockouts (IDJJ/County Detention)
- 64 or 40% were lockouts from other impatient treatment facilities.
- 391 or 19.93% were beyond control & in immediate physical danger
- Non-Crisis Youth
3,639 or 64.98% of youth served were identified as non-crisis (discretionary) youth.
(Non-crisis youth are those youth not currently in crisis. Youth at risk of crisis or youth at risk of delinquency, or both, are eligible to receive CCBYS services.)
- 2,321 or 63.78% of youth were at risk of crisis
- 1,318 or 36.22% of youth were at risk of delinquency
Primary Program Referral Sources
- 1,782 or 31.82% of youth were referred to the program by law enforcement related organizations.
- 1,860 or 33.21% of youth were referred to the program by educational institutions-either in school or after school
Estimated Gender/Ethnic/ Racial Breakdown
- 44.14% Male (2,472)
- 54.3% Female (3,041)
- 26.5% Hispanic/Latino (1473)
- 73.5% Non-Hispanic/Latino (4,085)
- 31.17% Black/African American (1,734)
- 59.27% White/Caucasian (3,297)
- 5.64% Multiple Races (314)
- 2.3% American Indian/Alaskan Native (128)
- 1.4% Asian (78)
- 0.22% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (12)
- 14.75% Age 12 and under (826)
- 28.79% Ages 13 and 14 (1,612)
- 39.18% Ages 15 and 16 (2,194)
- 17.18% Age 17 and up (962)
Performance Measures and Outcomes
- 5,600 youth were served in the CCBYS Program in 2022
- 4,223 youth exited the program in 2022
- 93.91% of youth were in a family/long-term living arrangement at case closure
- 80.63% (3,405) of discharged youth had a YASI assessment
- 76.89% (2,618 of 3,405) of assessed youth had a case plan developed
- Top 5 issue areas addressed in case plans
- Life Skills - 47.72%
- Family - 46.77%
- Attitudes/Behaviors - 38%
- Aggression - 29.16%
- School - 25.22%
- 59.4% (1555 of 2,618) of youth with a case plan experienced decreased risk factors.
- 56% (1,466 of 2,618) of youth with a case plan experienced increased protective factors.
- 60.45% (2,553 of 4,223) of youth served were identified with Mental Health (MH) needs.
- 92.6% (2,364) received services to address those needs.
- 23.99% (1,013 of 4,223) of youth served were identified with Substance Abuse (SA) needs.
- 89.73% (909) received services to address those needs.
- 13.64% (576 of 4,223) of youth served were identified with chronic truancy needs
- 83.68% (482) received services to address those needs.
- 62.51% (2,640 of 4,223) of youth served were identified with trauma needs.
- 97.92% (2,585) received services to address those needs
- 12.34% (521 of 4,223) of youth served were identified with learning disability needs.
- 94.43% (492) received services to address those needs.
- The average length of stay in the CCBYS program was 3.6 months.
- 848 (20.08%) of 4,223 youth were placed in limited custody.
- 291 (6.89%) of 4,223 youth discharged from the program required an agency-arranged placement.
- 2,071 nights of placement were provided to 291 youth at an average 7.12 nights per youth. Prior to FY22, the highest average nights of placement per youth was 4.69. (This data has been tracked since FY15.) FY22 represents a significant increase.
||# of Youth Requiring an Agency Arranged Placement
||Total Nights of Placement
||Average Nights per Placed Youth
Education System Involvement
- 576 (10.29%) of 5,600 youth served had a history of chronic truancy.
- 138 (3.27%) of 4,223 of youth discharged from the program were referred specifically for the purpose of addressing chronic truancy.
- 11 were referred by the court system
- 127 were referred by the education system
- 367 (6.55%) of 5,600 youth served had 1 or more suspensions in the prior 6 months. 69.33% of discharged youth had improved academic outcomes.
- 64 (1.14%) of 5,600 youth served had 1 or more expulsions in the prior 6 months. 62.96% of discharged youth had improved academic outcomes.
- 726 (12.96%) of 5,600 youth served had 2 or more truant days in the prior 6 months. 66.93% of discharged youth had improved academic outcomes.
Juvenile Justice System Involvement
- 154 (3.65%) of 4,223 youth served had a change of Domestic Battery against the youth.
- 22.5% (1,260 of 5,600) of youth served in the program had known prior legal system involvement.
- 97.11% (4,101 of 4,223) of youth discharged from the program avoided involvement or further involvement in the Juvenile Justice system, while in the program.
- 21.17% (894 of 4,223) of discharged youth were served as a Juvenile Justice System diversion.
- 337 (37.7%) were formal or in-formal Station Adjustments
- 371 (41.5%) were youth who have committed a delinquent offense and are referred by local law enforcement or probation departments
- 186 (20.81%) were youth who have been placed on probation or parole and who are at a high risk of violating probation/parole or re-offending
- 43.4% (388 of 894) of youth successfully completed diversion requirements prior to discharge.
- 71.03% (635 of 894) of youth are continuing diversion services post discharge.
- 11.41% (102 of 894) of youth terminated prematurely due to parent/youth refusal to participate or failure to comply with requirements. 23.4% (135 of 577) of youth avoided or had a reduced stay in detention.
State Systems - Diversions
Of the 4,223 youth discharged during 2022, only 90 or 2.14% of youth were in secure confinement or in DCFS care at case closure. (This excludes the 38 youth that were determined to be current DCFS wards at the time of enrollment.) This 2.14% breaks down as follows:
- 0.62% (26) of the 4,223 youth discharged from the program in 2022 were reportedly in secure confinement at case closure. Only 5 of those youth residing in state funded systems (IDJJ/IDOC).
- 3 or 11.54% of youth were in County Jail
- 18 or 69.23% of youth were in County Detention
- 5 or 19.23% of youth were in IDJJ
- 0 or 0% of youth were in IDOC
- 1.52% (64) of the 4,223 youth discharged from the program in 2022 were in the care of DCFS at case closure.
- 37 or 57.81% of referrals were the direct result of initial safety assessment findings.
- 27 or 42.19% of referrals were because the youth had no viable family option.
- Without CCBYS:
- All of the 1,961 crisis youth would have gone directly to DCFS as hotline calls to be investigated.
- Many of the 2,321 youth served that were at risk of crisis would have also quickly become DCFS hotline calls were it not for the intervention services provided by CCBYS.
- CCBYS providers served 5,600 youth in 2022 at an average per capita cost of $3,503.76 per youth.
- In 2022, CCBYS providers contributed $2,394,939.37 in required match from non-state funding.
- The average per capita cost to house a youth in IDJJ in 2018 was approximately $176,800.
- The annual DCFS residential placement cost in 2018 was approximately $121,000 per youth. It is important to note that these youth, remain in DCFS residential placement for multiple years at this rate.
CCBYS Data Reporting System
CCBYS providers are mandated to utilize the eCornerstone Web-based reporting system to capture information on all youth served in the program. Administrative data will be captured as well as participant-specific, case-level information.
The following is an overview of the various categories of information that is captured in the system for participants enrolled in CCBYS. Information captured includes but is not limited to:
- Site of program service
- Assigned worker
- Referral reason
- Referral source
- Living arrangement (at enrollment, discharge, & follow-up)
- Educational status (at enrollment, discharge, & follow-up)
- Employment status (at enrollment, discharge, & follow-up)
- Legal status (at enrollment, discharge, & follow-up)
- Legal history (at enrollment)
- Safety assessment (required for crisis cases)
- Safety Planning information
- Risk assessment
- Youth Assessment & Screening Instrument (YASI) (initial assessment, re-assessment, and closing assessment) questions and responses
- Closing YASI is required when an initial YASI has been submitted.
- Additional assessment information is captured (Fitness and Competency Evaluation; Mental Health/Behavioral Assessment; Substance Abuse Assessment; Co-occurring Disorders Assessment; Trauma Assessment; Sex Offender Assessment; Educational Assessment; Life Skills Assessment; Other Assessment)
- Case Plan information, domains targeted (legal history; family; school; community & peers; alcohol & drugs; mental health; aggression; attitudes; skills; employment & free time) services planned, and service completion
- Outcome information (ex: Case Plan completion, change in protective factors, & change in risk factors)
- Case Information -
- Limited custody information
- Placement services (placement type, length of stay, cost)
- MRAI information
- Individual Care Grant information
- Crisis response times
- Face-to-face intervention
- Crisis stabilization planning
- Chronic truancy information
- Discharge information
- Discharge reason
- Status at Discharge
- Living arrangement
- Educational status
- Employment status
- Legal status
- Discharge planning
- Service hours (discharge & follow-up)
- Follow-up information - including status information