The following are exempt by federal law:
Reimbursements from the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policy Act of 1970:
- payments to persons displaced as a result of the acquisition of real property;
- relocation payments to a displaced homeowner toward the purchase of a replacement dwelling. Such payment may only be to a displaced owner who purchases and occupies a dwelling within one year after the displacement; and
- replacement housing payments to displaced persons not eligible for a homeowner's payments.
Workforce Investment Act (WIA) funded earnings.
- Require verification of the WIA funding level and length of time the job will be funded.
- Client obtains verification from the employer or WIA Coordinator
- Exempt on-the-job training funds if:
- it is under the Summer Youth and Training Program (Title II-B) or
- the person is under age 19 and under the parental control of an adult FS unit member.
- Contact the WIA Coordinator for information on the source of funding.
Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS).
- Complete Discrepancy Referral (Form 1925) to exclude the person who gets money from PASS from central budgeting.
- Send Form 1925 to SSA Programs Control.
- Deduct the amount of PASS payment when budgeting the income.
Disaster Relief Payments
Included in exempt disaster relief payments are special unemployment benefits to persons who became unemployed due to a disaster and who are not eligible for regular Unemployment Insurance. These benefits are called Disaster Unemployment Insurance and do not appear on the Wage Verification File Inquiry (AWVS).
Verify the absent service member's military pay, including combat related pay. Determine if any monies made available to a SNAP unit by an absent member deployed to a designated combat zone may be excluded. Only pay that is received for deployment to or service in a Combat Zone (CZ), Imminent Danger Zone (IDP) and Hazardous Duty Pay (HDP-L) is excluded income, not pay received for a qualified Hazardous Duty Area or Direct Support Area.
The service member may arrange for payments to be made to the SNAP unit via direct deposit or through an allotment arrangement for a portion of the pay to be sent directly to the SNAP unit. Regardless of the arrangement made by the absent member for their military pay, only a portion of his or her pay to which the SNAP unit has access should be counted when determining the SNAP unit's income. After identifying what portion of the combat related pay is available to the household that portion must be excluded from the household's income for SNAP.
When a SNAP unit reports that they are receiving money from a member of the military, take the following steps:
- Ask if the service member is deployed to a combat zone. To verify combat pay, request the SNAP unit provide a copy of their:
- Service member's deployment order;
- Leave and Earning Statement (LES) of the service member immediately before the deployment; and
- LES after deployment.
- Verify the service member's pay that was actually available to the unit before deployment to a combat zone.
- If the military person was part of the unit for SNAP purposes before deployment to a combat zone, this amount would be the net military pay.
- If the military person was not part of the unit for SNAP purposes before deployment to a combat zone, it is the amount actually made available to the family before deployment to the combat zone.
- Verify the amount of military pay that the deployed service member is making available to the family currently.
- Any portion that is more than the amount the unit was receiving immediately before deployment to a combat zone is exempt as combat pay. Additional payments received by the service member for serving in a combat zone must be verified to exclude the combat related pay.
Example: Mrs. W and her children receive SNAP benefits. Prior to deployment to Iraq, her husband's pay of $1500 was deposited monthly in the joint checking account and budgeted as a contribution for SNAP. After deployment, the amount deposited monthly into the joint checking account was $1600. $100 is exempt as combat pay. Mrs. W Provided a copy of her husband's Leave and Earning Statement (LES) that established deployment to a combat zone and verified that the $100 was the amount of the combat pay.