March 2013 - Just the Facts


Total cases receiving Public Assistance in Illinois increased by 6,708 (12,826 persons) in March 2013. Family Health Assistance cases were primarily responsible for the increase. Aided cases numbered 1,726,552 (3,103,586 persons), up 4.4 percent from year-earlier totals.

Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)


  • Total TANF Benefits: A 335 case (824 person) decrease left a total 50,424 families (131,497 persons) receiving TANF benefits in March. The caseload was 1.6 percent higher than the March 2012 total.
  • "0" Grant Cases: There were 4,381 "0" grant cases (12,441 persons) included this month, up 88 cases and 284 persons from February 2013.
  • TANF-Basic: TANF-Basic (primarily single-parent) families dropped by 322 cases (766 persons) to 48,919 cases (125,087 persons).
  • Two-Parent Cases: Two-parent cases increased by 13 (58 persons) to a total of 1,505 cases (6,410 persons) in March 2013.

TANF Program Detail

  • Applications: The number of TANF applications received in March rose by 324 to a total of 7,106. Both new applications and re-applications increased. Receipts included: 6,180 applications for the Basic sector and 926 applications for the two-parent sector. There were 1,888 applications pending for the combined program this month, a decrease of 36 from February levels.
  • Approvals: There were 2,179 assistance approvals this month, including 1,504 new grants (down 106 from February 2013) and 675 reinstatements (down 48). A reinstatement is defined as approval of any case that was active within the previous 24 months.

Reasons for Case Openings

There were 2,368 March 2013 TANF openings for which reasons were available, down 112 from the February level. This total includes 2,246 cases from the Basic sector and 122 cases from the two-parent sector. Reasons for opening cases included the following:

Reinstatement after remedying Previous non-cooperation 2.6
Living below agency standards 81.4
Loss of employment 0.8
Loss of other benefits 2.3
Parent leaving home 0.2
Increased medical needs 5.4
Loss of unemployment benefits 2.3
All other reasons 5.0

Reasons for Case Closings

Reasons were available for 2,649 March 2013 TANF case closings - down by 272 cases from February. This total includes 2,526 cases from the Basic sector and 123 cases from the two-parent sector. Reasons for closing cases included the following:

Earned Income 26.8
Other Financial 5.1
Non-compliance* 38.4
Non-financial 29.7

*61 cases canceled in February 2013 for non-compliance related reasons were reinstated by March 2013

after complying. These cases had no break in assistance.

Assistance to the Aged, Blind or Disabled (AABD)

The total number of March 2013 AABD cases was down 1,048 or 3.5 percent from the number of cases a year earlier. The decrease was largely attributable to Disability Assistance, where the number of cases fell 719 or 3.0 percent from March 2012 levels.

  • One-Person AABD Cases: One-person cases receiving grants through AABD dropped by 69 in March to a total of 28,198. This total includes 5,161 persons who qualified for Old Age Assistance; 104 persons who qualified for Blind Assistance; and 22,933 persons who qualified for Disability Assistance.
  • "0" Grant Status: Persons in "0" grant status rose by 26 to 1,831.
  • State Supplemental Payments: The number of individuals receiving State Supplemental Payments fell by 95 to 26,367.

Medical Assistance - No Grant

Family Health Plan clients were responsible for a increase of 1,680 cases counted as receiving Medical Assistance in March 2013. Persons increased by 7,357. This resulted in a program total of 1,287,037 cases (2,495,317 persons).

  • MANG: MANG recipients represent 75 percent of total cases and 80 percent of total persons. MANG cases decreased 1.1 percent from their March 2012 levels, when they represented 78 percent of all cases.
  • Family Health Plans: Families increased by 325 to 770,819 in March 2013.
  • AABD Clients: AABD clients who were categorically qualified for Medical Only rose by 1,506 to 472,811 one-person cases. This total includes 148,171 cases for which Qualified Medical Beneficiary (QMB) payments were made, and 36,868 beneficiaries of Specified Low Income Beneficiary (SLIB) payments for Medicare coverage. AABD Group Care clients totaled 64,880.
  • Foster Care: Foster Care Assistance aided 43,407 children during this time period.
  • P3 Cases: Cash Assistance for Chicago PE cases was also eliminated July 1, 2011. These are disabled one-person cases with SSI applications or appeals pending. A total of 111 P3 cases were aided in March.

Applications - All Programs

In March 2013, application receipts for all programs excluding SNAP increased by 9,935 to a total of 65,166. This count includes: 54,757 applications for Medical Assistance, 7,106 for TANF, and 3,303 for AABD grants. SNAP applications received through Intake and Income Maintenance increased by 4,966 to 129,886.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

  • SNAP Assistance was given to 1,023,322 Illinois households in March 2013. Of this total, 662,540 households also received cash or medical assistance through other public assistance programs.
  • There were 360,782 additional households not receiving other Public Assistance, which receive Non-Assistance SNAP administered by the Department of Human Services.

AllKids (KidCare)

  • KidCare, which began in January 1998, extends Medical coverage by expanding income eligibility standards (based upon the Federal Poverty Level) for pregnant women, infants born to Medical-eligible pregnant women, and certain other children under the age of 19.
  • Between January 5, 1998 and March 1, 2013 a total of 121,424 TANF-Medical Only persons were enrolled in KidCare Phase I due to this expansion of eligibility. Included in this total are 6,671 in the Moms and Babies program and 114,753 in the Assist program.
  • Cases ineligible for Medicaid due to excess income may be eligible for KidCare Phase II. October 1998 was the first month of enrollment. Phase II also requires co-pays and sometimes premiums. KidCare Share and KidCare Premium provide essentially the same benefits as Medical Assistance. A total of 22,584 Share and 26,292 Premium persons had enrolled by March 1. KidCare Rebate reimburses for a portion of health insurance premiums paid for eligible children. Rebate persons totaled 327.


Program Cases Persons
TANF (PAYMENT CASES) 46,043 119,056
P3 111 111
ZERO GRANTS TANF 4,381 12,441
ZERO GRANTS AABD 1,831 1,831
FAMILY HEALTH PLANS 770,819 1,979,099
AABD MANG 472,811 472,811
NON-ASSISTANCE SNAP 360,782 448,463
FOSTER CARE 43,407 43,407
TOTAL 1,727,289 3,104,334

Child Care

Child Care Services are available to families with income below 50 percent of the state median. Families must be working or enrolled in approved education or training activities. Families cost-share with co-payments based on income, family size and number of children in care. Services are delivered through a certificate program and a site-administered contract system.

  • The Certificate Program eligibility is determined by resource and referral agencies. Parents choose subsidized full or part-time care from any legal care provider that meets their needs. Providers include child-care centers, family homes, group child-care home and in-home and relative care. In March 2013, an estimated 155,892 children were served by certificate.
  • The Site-Administered Contract Program serves families through a statewide network of contracted licensed centers and family homes. Families apply for care directly with the contracted providers and eligibility is determined on-site by the provider. In March 2013 an estimated 6,270 children were served by contract.
  • The Migrant Head Start Program provides child care and health and social services for preschool children of migrant and seasonal farm workers. Services are provided by local community based agencies. The program is federally funded and serves approximately 450 children during the harvest season.

Emergency Food, Shelter and Support

Homeless families and individuals receive food, shelter and support services through local not-for-profit organizations. A "continuum of care" includes emergency and transitional housing and assistance in gaining self-sufficiency and permanent housing.

  • The Emergency and Transitional Housing Program served 5,488 households in shelters during October-December 2012. Of those, 1,201 were households with children.
  • The Emergency Food Program served 767,927 households from October-December 2012.
  • The Homeless Prevention Program helps families in existing homes and helps others secure affordable housing. During October-December 2012, 467 households were served. Of those, 298 were families (Households with children under age 18).
  • The Supportive Housing Program funds governments and agencies which serve families and transitional facility residents. In October-December 2012, 638,153 nights of Supportive Housing were provided.
  • The Refugee and Immigrant Citizenship Initiative funds the provision of English language, civics and U.S. history instruction as well as application services. During October-December 2012, 1,413 clients had received instruction and 516 were assisted with their citizenship applications.
  • Of the refugees served, 238 entered employment, and 204 retained jobs 90 days. The average wage earned was $8.59 an hour. 118 received health benefits terminated in the October-January 2013 period.
  • The Outreach and Interpretation project assures access to IDHS benefits. In the October-December 2012 quarter, 5,163 clients received case management, 2,554 received interpreter service, and 8,010 received translation service.

Social Service Block Grants

Service funding is provided through the Federal Title XX Social Services Block Grant to manage and monitor contracts which help customers achieve economic self-support and prevent or remedy abuse and neglect.

  • Crisis Nurseries served an estimated 689 customers during the October-December 2012 quarter.
  • The Estimated Donated Funds Initiative aided 12,312 customers with 70,757 rides provided for Seniors during the October-December 2012 quarter.

Early Intervention (EI)

The Illinois Early Intervention program serves Children under three years of age who are experiencing developmental delays in one or more of the following areas: cognitive development; physical development; language and speech development; psychosocial development; and self-help skills. Early Intervention is part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA Part C) which covers both Part C infants and toddlers as well as Part B Special Education. Annually Early intervention serves approximately 20,000 children across the state and maintains 25 Child and Family Connections (CFC) Offices throughout the state to handle referrals, program intake, and service coordination for children with Individual Family Service Plans (IFSP's).

Early Intervention services include, but are not limited to: developmental evaluations and assessments, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech/language therapy, developmental therapy, service coordination, psychological services and social work services. The cost of some services are paid by the program and provided to families at no cost. These include evaluation, assessment, development of a service plan, and service coordination. Ongoing Early Intervention services are paid for by the family's health insurance, when appropriate, government insurance (Kid Care), and program funds. Families contribute to the cost of services by paying fees based on a sliding scale.

Program Statistics

Indicator January 2012 SFY 12 Average to Date SFY 2011 Average
Referrals 3,255 2,708 2,763
Active IFSP's 18,775 18,855 18,723
0-3 Participation Rate 3.43% 3.45% 3.42%
Under 1 Participation Rate 1.02% 1.06% 1.10%
% With Medicaid 50.8% 50.7% 49.6%
% With Insurance 36.3% 36.6% 36.9%
% With Fees 27.9% 27.8% 27.7%

What's New in Early Intervention

Currently the Early Intervention program is reviewing and implementing new federal regulations that were released late 2011. This review will also involve a complete review and updating of the CFC Policies and Procedures Manual to ensure compliance with all new or modified regulations. All required revisions must be in place by July 1, 2012.

Women Infants and Children (WIC)

The purpose of WIC is to provide supplemental foods, nutrition education and breastfeeding promotion and support, and referral/access to health services for income eligible pregnant, postpartum, breastfeeding women, infants and children. The program has been housed under the Department of Human Services for the last 14 years. In order to be eligible, participants must be at 185% of the federal poverty level; be a resident of the State of Illinois; and must be categorically eligible (pregnant, breastfeeding postpartum, non breastfeeding postpartum, Infants (0-1), Children (1-5).

Program Statistics

Eligibility Category Clients in January
Pregnant Women 32,429
Breastfeeding Women 16,690
Postpartum Women 18,972
Infants 76,982
Children 147,321

What's New in WIC

PCS/PCE is in McLean, St. Clair, Kane, Lake Counties and the Roseland WIC Clinic in Chicago.

Participant-Centered Nutrition Education (PCE) is a comprehensive, outcome-based model developed by Altarum Institute to promote the adoption of positive nutrition- and health-related behaviors by Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) families. PCE is a comprehensive systems change model for participant interaction that touches upon all aspects of WIC functions and service delivery. PCE puts the participant at the core of WIC service delivery and targets the most important determinants of behavior change: self-efficacy, skill building, and readiness to change. PCE focuses on a person's capacities, strengths and developmental needs, rather than solely on problems, risks or negative behaviors.

Within the PCE framework, the participant and the WIC staff form a partnership to engage in interactive discussions based on the particular needs and circumstances of the participant. This approach contrasts with the traditional, didactic WIC assessment and education model, which places the nutrition educator in an authoritative position, providing information and direction to the participant. Although the didactic approach is somewhat successful in delivering information and increasing nutrition knowledge, it is less effective at promoting real behavior change.

Family Case Management

The program target population is low income families (below 200% of the federal poverty level) with a pregnant woman, an infant or a child with a high-risk condition. The goals of the program are to help women have healthy babies and to reduce the rates of infant mortality and very low birth weight. To achieve these goals the program conducts outreach activities to inform expectant women and new mothers of available services and then assists them with obtaining prenatal and well-child care. The program works with community agencies to address barriers to accessing medical services, such as child care, transportation, housing, food, mental health needs and substance abuse services. Services are provided statewide through local health departments, federally qualified health centers and community-based organizations. Home visits by a public health nurse are provided to the families of infants with medical problems.

Program Statistics

Category Medicaid Non-Medicaid
Cook County
Children 10,920 2,573
Infants 23,257 2,655
Pregnant 12,052 1,342
Children 18,343 2,581
Infants 39,600 3,256
Pregnant 20,747 1,509
Children 29,263 5,154
Infants 62,857 5,911
Pregnant 32,799 2,851

Program Accomplishments

Family Case Management has contributed to the overall reduction in the state's infant mortality and has reduced expenditures for medical assistance during the first year of life. Program outcomes are more effective in the integrated system of Family Case Management and WIC. Recent statistics show:

  • The infant mortality rate is 50 to 70% lower
  • The rate of premature birth is 60 to 70% lower
  • Medicaid expenditures for health care in the first year of life are up to 50% lower
  • Participation in WIC and FCM saves Illinois an average of $200 million each year in Medicaid expenses

Prepared by Bureau of Program & Performance Management May 2013