The number of persons served by the WIC and FCM programs during SFY11 is presented in Table 2. FCM does not keep a separate count of the number of participating postpartum or breastfeeding women. However, under USDA guidelines, these women comprise a separate category of eligibility for the WIC program.

Table 2:  Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programs by Type of Client and Program - SFY2011

PROGRAM
TYPE OF CLIENT WIC FCM
Pregnant Women 108,381 97,696
Post Partum Breastfeeding Women 50,317 *NA
Infants 175,497 145,127
Children 204,587 45,336
TOTAL 538,782 288,159

Source: Cornerstone

FCM does not have a category of post-partum breastfeeding women.

The caseload of FCM dropped for FY2011. Cook County Health Department (CCHD) and several downstate health departments declined to be providers of FCM. Although caseloads were reassigned, the disruption of service delivery is evident in the caseload figures presented in Table 3.

Table 3:  Total Number of Persons Serviced in WIC and FCM Programs by Program and State Fiscal Year

FISCAL YEARS
PROGRAM 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
FCM 370,286 371,487 371,676 345,769 342,428 329,658 312,389 288,159
WIC 508,250 516,568 514,350 519,250 532,753 549,086 553,342 538,782

Source:  Cornerstone

The WIC and FCM programs together reach over 45 percent of all infants and over 81 percent of Medicaid-eligible infants born in Illinois each year. Women who are at greatest risk for giving birth prematurely or having a baby with other health problems are overrepresented in the caseload of the WIC and FCM programs. Approximately, three-fourths of African American, Hispanic, single and teen-aged women who give birth in Illinois each year participate in the WIC or FCM programs; the programs are reaching their intended target population. Refer to Table 4.

Table 4:  Number and Percent of All Live Births and Live Births to WIC or FCM Participants, by Demographic Group - Illinois, 2009

LIVE BIRTHS
All WIC or FCM Participants
GROUP Number Percent Number Percent Percent of Group
White 125,618 75.9 51,547 68.5 41.0
Black 29,280 17.7 21,003 27.9 71.7
Asian and Native American* 10,709 6.5 2,686 3.6 25.1
All 165,607 100.0 75,236 100.0 45.4
Hispanic 40,019 24.2 25,841 34.3 64.6
Single 67,017 41.0 51,524 68.5 75.9
Teen 15,953 9.6 13,450 17.9 84.3

Source: Vital Records, Cornerstone

* Includes all other races.