Using the DSP Training Program - Approved OJTs and CBTs or Agency-Developed, On-the-Job Trainings
Important: The on-the-job Direct Support Person (DSP) training must be completed in the agency employing the trainee.
Agencies may adopt the entire DSP Training Program Approved OJTs and CBTAs (pdf) - (This document supersedes Appendix 3 effective 6/1/2013) for use in their agency, but must document their commitment to using it, and specify training modules in which the OJTS will be trained. If all of the on-the-job training activities in the DSP Training Program - Approved OJTs and CBTAs are used as written, the agency will not be required to complete additional documentation.
The Department encourages modification of the on-the-job trainings or CBTAs to fit the needs of the agency and the people it supports. If an agency chooses to use its own on-the-job training activities or add or delete parts of the DSP Training Program - Approved OJTs and CBTAs, the changes must be submitted along with a completed copy of the the DSP Interventional Competencies Evaluation Form (pdf) (IL462-1284) for review and approval by the Department to ensure the changes meet content requirements.
DSP Interventional Competencies Demonstrated through OJT Activities
The on-the-job training activities must cover all interventional competencies listed below and must include a minimum of 80 hours of approved training. Forty-five (45) hours must be allocated to OJTs in each Module. The DSP must demonstrate 100% accuracy in the successful completion of each competency documented by observation:
Module 1: Introduction to Developmental Disabilities (5 Hours)
- creates opportunities for the individual to speak on his/her own behalf in a variety of situations.
- gathers and documents information in an accurate, objective and unobtrusive manner.
- provides information to complete assessments relevant to the individual's goals, interests, preferences and that are consistent with relevant professional practices.
- names and defines life skill areas and demonstrates observable skills and tasks.
- defines developmental disabilities and lists associated characteristics.
- documents and communicates identified strengths, abilities, desires, concerns and needs of the individual.
- follows established directions and procedures.
Module 2: Human Rights (5 Hours)
- contributes to the normalized living environment.
- utilizes person-centered language and concepts.
- communicates effectively in verbal and written form.
- demonstrates cultural competency in the planning process.
- utilizes age-appropriate strategies.
- intervenes or identifies advocacy issues.
- obtains information from the individual.
- demonstrates an ability to build rapport.
- offers opportunities for choice.
- recognizes human rights violations.
- identifies available community resources.
- educates individuals in choice making and their potential outcomes.
- follows established directions and procedures.
- assists in individual self-advocacy efforts.
- protects rights and confidentiality.
- respects personal property.
Module 3: Abuse and Neglect; Prevention, Recognition and Intervention (5 Hours)
- participates in producing a healthy, engaging environment.
- recognizes the forms of abuse and neglect.
- follows rules and procedures related to preventing, identifying and reporting abuse and neglect.
- develops strategies for preventing abuse and neglect.
- contributes to creating a supportive environment.
Module 4: Human Interaction and Communication (5 Hours)
- is respectful.
- actively engages in a non-directive manner with individuals.
- recognizes speech deficiencies.
- demonstrates various communication modes and styles.
- demonstrates effective use of assistive technology.
- demonstrates active listening skills.
- recognizes and demonstrates appropriate modes of communication with individual.
- implements communication programs.
- documents results of communication programs.
- initiates the process for revising the communication program as needed.
- establishes rapport.
- supports choices.
- demonstrates appropriate transfer of information from staff to staff.
- recognizes and provides support during times of grief.
Module 5: Service Plan Development and Implementation (5 Hours)
- actively participates in the development of an individual's service plan.
- involves the individual in identifying and choosing activities and supports and addresses potential carriers/problems.
- schedules events and needed supports as requested.
- monitors successes in achieving outcomes.
- operates transportation/mobility adaptive equipment safely and appropriately
- serves as a professional and active member of the IDT/community support team.
- listens to the individual.
- respects the appropriate boundaries of the relationship.
- communicates effectively with individual and IDT/community support team.
- reviews and completes assessments.
- facilitates choice in the person's life by assisting in identifying positives and negatives.
- encourages and develops individual's leisure interests.
- assists the individual in obtaining employment -completes job applications and prepares the person for job interviews.
- completes documentation as required and uses correction procedure for addressing errors.
- demonstrates the ability to teach.
- demonstrates the ability to communicate effectively with individuals and staff
- demonstrates understanding of informational releases.
- demonstrates organizational and environmental management skills.
- uses people first language.
- assists with the admission, transfer and discharge of individuals as directed.
- implements the habilitation plan.
- participates as directed in social habilitation (ADL's, therapeutic & leisure time activities, education, community living adjustment, behavior development, management and self-control.)
Module 6: Basic Health & Safety (20 Hours)
- implements seizure protocols.
- recognizes red flags that would be indicators of medical conditions.
- notifies appropriate persons about emergency health and safety concerns.
- accurately determines and records the individuals vital signs.
- follows universal precautions and infection control procedures.
- demonstrates basic health observation skills.
- demonstrates proper transfer techniques.
- demonstrates environmental safety skills.
- assists with personal hygiene.
- demonstrates personal care and hygiene skills and techniques.
- helps individuals understand their bodily functions.
- utilizes proper body mechanics and proper positioning techniques.
- implements disaster procedures and assists individuals as needed.
- utilizes basic food safety and sanitation techniques.
- demonstrates basic nutrition skills.
- identifies and responds appropriately to safety hazards.
- demonstrates techniques required to support ADL.
CPR/First Aid (No Required Hours)
There are no separate OJTs for this area. These interventional competencies are learned during the CPR and First Aid classroom trainings sessions.
Note: The remaining 35 hours of required OJT activities may be used in a way that best fits the agency's specific training needs.
Who Can Approve Successful Completion of a OJT?
Personnel deemed by the agency to be competent in understanding how to successfully complete the interventional competency. This personnel can include a: trained DSP designated on the Health Care Worker Registry as a DD Aide, approved DSP Instructor, QIDP who has completed a DHS-approved, 40-hour QIDP Basic Orientation training program, or licensed staff such as a RN or LPN depending on the competency assessed.