STATE OF ILLINOIS
DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES
(ACF-812 - August 2011)

TANF OVERVIEW

The TANF program has the following four purposes as defined by federal regulation:

  1. Provide assistance to needy families so that children may be cared for in their own homes or in the homes of relatives;
  2. End the dependence of needy parents on government benefits by promoting job preparation, work, and marriage;
  3. Prevent and reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock pregnancies and establish annual numerical goals for preventing and reducing the incidence of these pregnancies;
  4. Encourage the formation and maintenance of two-parent families.

Budget

The State of Illinois receives a TANF block grant of $585,056,960 under the current law. The state is required to match this amount at the 80% level with state dollars which are known as Maintenance of Effort (MOE) dollars. However, if a state meets the minimum work participation rate after caseload reduction, as Illinois did, the minimum basic MOE for that fiscal year is lowered to a 75% match, which is approximately $430 million.

States may use Federal TANF funds and MOE funds for expenditures that are reasonably calculated to accomplish the purposes of TANF. MOE funds can be co-mingled with Federal TANF funds, segregated or used to set up separate state programs. However, States have more flexibility in spending their State MOE funds than their Federal TANF funds. Eligible families assisted through a separate State program are not generally subject to TANF requirements, including work participation requirements, child support collection requirements, the time limit on receipt of assistance, and data collection and reporting requirements. In other words, by definition, States operating separate programs avoid TANF requirements; they have more flexibility to use the funds available in these programs to help eligible families. But, ACF does monitor to ensure that State's do not set up separate state programs for the purpose of avoiding the work participation rates.

Illinois has set up three separate funds for paying for TANF. This is primarily only a budgeting process but does allow us to apply different reporting requirements.

  1. Separate State Programs - All two-parent cases, Cases with a Child Under 1, Refugee cases and Pregnant Women only cases;
  2. TANF MOE - Recipients working the minimum number of hours, Recipients in Post Secondary Education with a 2.5 GPA, Child Only cases and Cases coded with an M or Q in Item 73 (disabled spouse or child requiring the parents care);
  3. All other TANF cases.

Work Requirements

In order for an individual to be counted as participating they must be working or in countable work activities for at least 30 hours per week. However, a single custodial parent or caretaker relative with a child under age six will count as engaged in work if he or she participates for at least an average of 20 hours per week. And a single teen head of household or married teen who is in school is deemed as meeting the work requirement.

The following nine activities count toward the first 20 hours (30 hours for two-parent cases) of participation. This is per the federal regulations and not necessarily as defined in our State Plan:

  1. Unsubsidized employment;
  2. Subsidized private-sector employment;
  3. Subsidized public-sector employment;
  4. Work experience;
  5. On-the-job training;
  6. Job search and job readiness assistance;
  7. Community service programs;
  8. Vocational educational training (for 12 months only);
  9. Providing child care services to an individual who is participating in a community service program;
  10. Job skills training directly related to employment;
  11. Education directly related to employment;
  12. Attendance at a secondary school towards a certificate or degree.

Above 20 hours per week (30 hours for two-parent cases), the following three activities may also count toward hours of participation:

  1. Job skills training directly related to employment;
  2. Education directly related to employment;
  3. Satisfactory attendance at secondary school or in a course of study leading to a certificate of general equivalence.

Caseload Reduction

The participation rate for each state can be reduced based upon that states caseload reduction. If the average monthly number of cases receiving assistance, including assistance under a separate State program, in a State in the preceding fiscal year was lower than the average monthly number of cases that received assistance in FFY 2005, the minimum overall participation rate the State must meet for the fiscal year decreases by the number of percentage points the prior-year caseload fell in comparison to the FFY 2005 caseload.

Data Reporting and Collection

In order for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to track the participation rate of all states, they are required to provide data on either a sample of cases monthly or submit data on the entire caseload monthly. This data has been collected and transmitted to ACF since the TANF program began in Illinois. However, Section 812 of the Claims Resolution Act of 2010 requires states to submit a Report on Engagement in Additional Work Activities. Transmittal No. TANF-ACF-PI-2011-03 states - For the Report on Engagement, with respect to each work-eligible individual in a family receiving TANF or SSP-MOE assistance during the reporting period, the States must collect and report the following information: (1) whether the individual engages in any activities that are directed toward attaining self-sufficiency and (2) if yes, the specific activities that (a) do not qualify as a countable work activity, but are otherwise reasonably calculated to help the family move to self-sufficiency or (b) that could be a countable work activity, but for the fact that either the work-eligible has not engaged in such activities for a sufficient number of hours; the work-eligible individual has reached a maximum time limit allowed for having participation in the activity count; or the number of work-eligible individuals engaged in such activity exceeds a statutory limitation.

Summary

April - June 2011

For the quarter April - June 2011, Illinois randomly sampled 810 TANF cases. This includes 180 newly approved TANF cases and 630 active TANF cases.

  • Of these 810 randomly selected cases, 364 were child-only cases. 18 other cases were selected in error and dropped. These are typically cases with a child under the age of one in the household. Illinois uses state funds only for child under the age of one cases and, therefore, does not include in the federal sample. The remaining 428 cases have work-eligible adults who are required to meet either the federal participation rate or a federal exclusion reason.
  • Of these 428 required to meet federal participation cases, 134 are meeting the participation requirement. The remaining 294 cases/individuals are not meeting the federal requirement. Below is a statistical summary of the reasons why these cases/individuals are not meeting.
  1. Below are the reasons why the 294 cases/individuals are not meeting federal participation.
  • 82 cases - Agency failed to engage
  • 74 cases - 1st month on assistance and not engaged yet
  • 64 cases - Engaged in countable activities but for an insufficient number of hours
  • 30 cases - Sanctioned
  • 24 cases - Meet a state exemption reason
  • 16 cases - In process of being sanctioned
  • 3 cases - Child/adult with disability
  • 1 case - Engaged in non-countable activity

  • Of the 294 cases/individuals not meeting participation, there are a total of 72 cases/individuals that are engaged in countable activities but have insufficient hours to meet participation. This includes the 64 cases listed above plus an additional 8 cases that are engaged an insufficient number of hours and meet one of the other reasons (i.e. sanctioned, meet the definition of a family care barrier, etc). Below is a summary of the activities with partial engagement.
    • 40 cases - Work Experience
    • 11 cases - Unsubsidized employment
    • 9 cases - Community Service
    • 7 cases - Job Search
    • 3 cases - Vocational Education
    • 1 case - Job Skills training directly related to employment
    • 1 case - Education directly related to employment 
       
  • 2.  The 136 cases/individuals meeting the federal participation requirement are engaged in the following activities.
  • 41 cases - Work Experience
  • 39 cases - Unsubsidized employment
  • 26 cases - Job Search
  • 12 cases - Community Service
  • 11 cases - Vocational Education
  • 7 cases - Teen Parent Services (High School)

Analysis

The State of Illinois has laws, rules, and policies in relation to welfare-to-work that are designed to best suit the characteristics of Illinois TANF clientele with consideration to the broad contrast in Illinois' demographics. Federal law requires that States have a minimum of 50% of their work-eligible adults engaged in countable work activities or employment to avoid federal financial penalties. For FFY '09, Illinois achieved a federal participation rate of 49.3% which is well above the national average of 29.4%. For FFY '10, Illinois achieved a 49.1% rate. For the first 2 quarters of FFY '11 (does not include the quarter April-June 2011), Illinois's unofficial rate is 42.9%. Illinois has avoided federal financial penalties due to caseload reduction allowances provided by the federal regulatory agency. Even with the many differences in the needs of our clients, Illinois has worked diligently to provide assistance to each and every family as they work.