The number of persons served by the WIC and FCM programs during SFY 2010 is presented in Table 2. FCM does not keep a separate count of the number of participating postpartum or breastfeeding women. However, under USDA guidelines, these women comprise a separate category of eligibility for the WIC program.

Table 2 Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programs by Type of Client and Program - SFY 2010

Program
Type of Client WIC FCM
Pregnant Women 114,301 107,432
Post Partum Breastfeeding Women 50,466 NA
Infants 183,581 156,016
Children 204,994 48,941
Total 553,342 312,389

Source: Caseload Composition Report

The caseload of FCM dropped for FY2010. The principle reason for the decreased caseload is that the Cook County Health Department (CCHD) declined to be a provider of FCM. Early in the fiscal year the CCHD caseload was reassigned. However, the disruption of service delivery is evident in the caseload figures presented in Table 3. WIC, on the other hand, continues to expand.

Table 3 Total Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programs by Program and State Fiscal Year

Fiscal Year
Program 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
FCM 366,675 370,286 371,487 371,676 345,769 342,428 329,658 312,389
WIC 503,425 508,250 516,568 514,350 519,250 532,753 549,086 553,342

The WIC and FCM programs together reach approximately 48 percent of all infants and nearly 92 percent of Medicaid-eligible infants born in Illinois each year. Women who are at greatest risk for giving birth prematurely or having a baby with other health problems are over-represented in the caseload of the WIC and FCM programs. Approximately, three-fourths of African American, Hispanic, single and teen-aged women who give birth in Illinois each year participate in the WIC or FCM programs; the programs are reaching their intended target population. Refer to Table 4.

Table 4 Number and Percent of All Live Births and Live Births to WIC or FCM Participants, by Demographic Group*

Illinois, 2008

Live Births
All WIC or FCM Participants  
Group Number Percent Number Percent Percent of Group
White 131,106 76.3% 52,958 68.8% 40.4%
Black 30,541 17.8% 21,787 28.3% 71.3%
Asian and Native American** 10,282 6.0% 2,198 2.9% 21.4%
All 171,929 100.0% 76,943 100.0% 44.8%
Hispanic 42,560 24.8% 26,679 34.7% 62.7%
Single 70,381 40.9% 52,952 68.8% 75.2%
Teen 17,266 10.0% 14,417 18.7% 83.5%

* Resident live births occurring in Illinois. From birth file released to IDHS from IDPH.

**Includes all other races.