Success Criteria

The following table maps IITAA Standards to WCAG 2.0 Level A and AA Success Criteria.

Where there is no mapping from an existing IITAA Standard or Level A or AA Success Criterion, the relevant column indicates "n/a". The final "question" column indicates mappings that need further analysis.

IITAA IITAA Text SC SC Text Level ?
1.1 Use valid, standard web programming code. 4.1.1 Parsing A
1.2 Use appropriate markup to convey document structure. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
1.3 Provide meaningful page titles. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A ?
1.3 Provide meaningful page titles. 2.4.2 Page Titled A
1.4 Use headings to introduce sections and sub-sections, and use them in the correct order. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
1.4 Use headings to introduce sections and sub-sections, and use them in the correct order. 2.4.6 Headings and Labels AA ?
1.5 Use lists to identify series of related items, including navigation menus. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
2.1 Use text to display text, unless formatting that cannot be achieved with CSS is required. 1.4.5 Images of Text AA
2.2 Use relative sizes for fonts. 1.4.4 Resize text AA
2.3 Identify the language of text. 3.1.1 Language of Page A
2.3 Identify the language of text. 3.1.2 Language of Parts AA
2.4 Use images instead of "ASCII art." 1.1.1 Non-text Content A ?
3.1 Do not convey information with color alone. 1.4.1 Use of Color A
3.2 Use contrasting foreground and background colors. 1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum) AA
4.1 Provide appropriate "alternate text" for all images. 1.1.1 Non-text Content A
4.2 Provide full descriptions for graphs, diagrams, and other meaningful images. 1.1.1 Non-text Content A
5.1 Provide alternate text for each area in client-side image maps. 1.1.1 Non-text Content A
5.2 Use client-side image maps instead of server-side image maps unless areas cannot be defined with available shapes. n/a (No longer needed or covered elsewhere?) ?
6.1 Do not convey information with sound alone. 1.1.1 Non-text Content A
6.2 Do not automatically play audio. 1.4.2 Audio Control A
6.3 Provide text transcripts for audio containing speech when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees. 1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) A ?
7.1 Provide synchronized captions for all multimedia containing essential auditory information when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees. 1.2.2 Captions (Prerecorded) A
7.1 Provide synchronized captions for all multimedia containing essential auditory information when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees. 1.2.4 Captions (Live) AA
7.2 Provide audio descriptions for all multimedia that contains essential visual information when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees. 1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded) A
7.2 Provide audio descriptions for all multimedia that contains essential visual information when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees. 1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded) AA
8.1 Provide a means of pausing any moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information. 2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide A
8.2 Do not include content that flashes faster than 3 times per second. 2.3.1 Three Flashes or Below Threshold A
9.1 Ensure that links are understandable out of context. 2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) A ?
9.2 Provide a means of skipping past repetitive navigation links. 2.4.1 Bypass Blocks A
9.3 Avoid using small links. n/a
9.4 Ensure that same-page links move keyboard focus as well as screen focus. 2.1.1 Keyboard A
10.1 Provide labels or titles for all form fields. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
10.1 Provide labels or titles for all form fields. 2.4.6 Headings and Labels AA ?
10.1 Provide labels or titles for all form fields. 3.3.2 Labels or Instructions A
10.2 Provide legends for groups of form fields. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
10.2 Provide legends for groups of form fields. 2.4.6 Headings and Labels AA ?
10.2 Provide legends for groups of form fields. 3.3.2 Labels or Instructions A
10.3 Ensure that form fields are in a logical tab order. 2.4.3 Focus Order A
10.4 Avoid placing non-focusable text between form fields. n/a (No longer needed)
10.5 Ensure that text in form fields can be enlarged. 1.4.4 Resize text AA
11.1 Identify a header cell for each column and row in simple data tables. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
11.2 Identify relationships in complex data tables using id and headers attributes. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
11.3 Provide summary attributes for data tables. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
12.1 Provide concise, unique, and understandable titles for frames. 1.3.1 Info and Relationships A
12.2 Avoid using hidden, empty, or non-essential frames. n/a
13.1 Ensure that scripted functions are usable with assistive technologies. 4.1.2 Name, Role, Value A ?
13.2 Ensure that significant interactions can be performed with both keyboard and mouse. 2.1.1 Keyboard A
13.2 Ensure that significant interactions can be performed with both keyboard and mouse. 2.1.2 No Keyboard Trap A
13.3 Avoid changing focus unexpectedly. 3.2.1 On Focus A
13.3 Avoid changing focus unexpectedly. 3.2.2 On Input A
13.4 Avoid changing content unexpectedly. 3.2.1 On Focus A
13.4 Avoid changing content unexpectedly. 3.2.2 On Input A
14.1 Use accessible embedded objects whenever possible. 4.1.2 Name, Role, Value A ?
14.2 If an inaccessible embedded object must be used, provide an accessible alternative that includes the same content and functionality. 1.1.1 Non-text Content A ?
15.1 Provide natively accessible downloadable documents whenever possible. 4.1.2 Name, Role, Value A ?
15.2 If a downloadable document cannot be made natively accessible, provide an accessible alternative that includes the same content and functionality. 1.1.1 Non-text Content A ?
16.1 Notify users of time limits and provide a means to extend time if possible. 2.2.1 Timing Adjustable A
16.2 Do not automatically refresh the current page. n/a (Covered in 16.1)
17.1 When using tables for layout, ensure that reading order is logical. 1.3.2 Meaningful Sequence A
17.2 When using style sheets for layout, ensure that reading order is logical. 1.3.2 Meaningful Sequence A
17.3 Avoid horizontal scrolling. n/a (Maps to 1.4.8, but is AAA)
n/a (Audio-only covered by 6.3; Need to add video-only) 1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) A
n/a (Need to add) 1.3.3 Sensory Characteristics A
n/a (Need to add) 2.4.5 Multiple Ways AA
n/a (Need to add) 2.4.7 Focus Visible AA
n/a (Need to add) 3.2.3 Consistent Navigation AA
n/a (Need to add) 3.2.4 Consistent Identification AA
n/a (Need to add) 3.3.1 Error Identification A
n/a (Need to add) 3.3.3 Error Suggestion AA
n/a (Need to add) 3.3.4 Error Prevention (Legal, Financial, Data) AA

Techniques

The following table maps IITAA Standards to WCAG 2.0 Techniques.

IITAA IITAA Text Techniques
1.1 Use valid, standard web programming code.

G134: Validating Web pages

G192: Fully conforming to specifications

H74: Ensuring that opening and closing tags are used according to specification

H75: Ensuring that Web pages are well-formed

H88: Using HTML according to spec

1.2 Use appropriate markup to convey document structure.

G115: Using semantic elements to mark up structure

G117: Using text to convey information that is conveyed by variations in presentation of text

G138: Using semantic markup whenever color cues are used

G140: Separating information and structure from presentation to enable different presentations

H39: Using caption elements to associate data table captions with data tables

H42: Using h1-h6 to identify headings

H43: Using id and headers attributes to associate data cells with header cells in data tables

H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls

H48: Using ol, ul and dl for lists or groups of links

H49: Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text

H51: Using table markup to present tabular information

H63: Using the scope attribute to associate header cells and data cells in data tables

H65: Using the title attribute to identify form controls when the label element cannot be used

H71: Providing a description for groups of form controls using fieldset and legend elements

H73: Using the summary attribute of the table element to give an overview of data tables

H85: Using OPTGROUP to group OPTION elements inside a SELECT

SCR21: Using functions of the Document Object Model (DOM) to add content to a page

1.3 Provide meaningful page titles.

G88: Providing descriptive titles for Web pages

[G115: Using semantic elements to mark up structure]

H25: Providing a title using the title element

1.4 Use headings to introduce sections and sub-sections, and use them in the correct order.

[G130: Providing descriptive headings]

H42: Using h1-h6 to identify headings

1.5 Use lists to identify series of related items, including navigation menus. H48: Using ol, ul and dl for lists or groups of links
2.1 Use text to display text, unless formatting that cannot be achieved with CSS is required.

G140: Separating information and structure from presentation to enable different presentations

C22: Using CSS to control visual presentation of text

C30: Using CSS to replace text with images of text and providing user interface controls to switch

2.2 Use relative sizes for fonts.

G142: Using a technology that has commonly available user-agents that support zoom

G146: Using liquid layout

G178: Providing controls on the Web page that allow users to incrementally change the size of all text on the page up to 200 percent

G179: Ensuring that there is no loss of content or functionality when the text resizes and text containers do not resize

C12: Using percent for font sizes

C13: Using named font sizes

C14: Using em units for font sizes

C28: Specifying the size of text containers using em units

SCR34: Calculating size and position in a way that scales with text size

2.3 Identify the language of text.

H57: Using language attributes on the html element

H58: Using language attributes to identify changes in the human language

2.4 Use images instead of "ASCII art." [H86: Providing text alternatives for ASCII art, emoticons, and leetspeak]
3.1 Do not convey information with color alone.

G14: Ensuring that information conveyed by color differences is also available in text

G182: Ensuring that additional visual cues are available when text color differences are used to convey information

G183: Using a contrast ratio of 3:1 with surrounding text and providing additional visual cues on focus for links or controls where color alone is used to identify them

H92: Including a text cue for colored form control labels

3.2 Use contrasting foreground and background colors.

G18: Ensuring that a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1 exists between text (and images of text) and background behind the text

G145: Ensuring that a contrast ratio of at least 3:1 exists between text (and images of text) and background behind the text

G148: Not specifying background color, not specifying text color, and not using technology features that change those defaults

G174: Providing a control with a sufficient contrast ratio that allows users to switch to a presentation that uses sufficient contrast

4.1 Provide appropriate "alternate text" for all images.

G68: Providing a descriptive label that describes the purpose of live audio-only and live video-only content

G73: Providing a long description in another location with a link to it that is immediately adjacent to the non-text content

G74: Providing a long description in text near the non-text content, with a reference to the location of the long description in the short description

G82: Providing a text alternative that identifies the purpose of the non-text content

G92: Providing long description for non-text content that serves the same purpose and presents the same information

G94: Providing short text alternative for non-text content that serves the same purpose and presents the same information as the non-text content

G95: Providing short text alternatives that provide a brief description of the non-text content

G100: Providing the accepted name or a descriptive name of the non-text content

G143: Providing a text alternative that describes the purpose of the CAPTCHA

G144: Ensuring that the Web Page contains another CAPTCHA serving the same purpose using a different modality

G196: Using a text alternative on one item within a group of images that describes all items in the group

H2: Combining adjacent image and text links for the same resource

H24: Providing text alternatives for the area elements of image maps

H30: Providing link text that describes the purpose of a link for anchor elements

H35: Providing text alternatives on applet elements

H36: Using alt attributes on images used as submit buttons

H37: Using alt attributes on img elements

H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls

H45: Using longdesc

H53: Using the body of the object element

H65: Using the title attribute to identify form controls when the label element cannot be used

H67: Using null alt text and no title attribute on img elements for images that AT should ignore

H86: Providing text alternatives for ASCII art, emoticons, and leetspeak

C9: Using CSS to include decorative images

4.2 Provide full descriptions for graphs, diagrams, and other meaningful images.

G73: Providing a long description in another location with a link to it that is immediately adjacent to the non-text content

G74: Providing a long description in text near the non-text content, with a reference to the location of the long description in the short description

G92: Providing long description for non-text content that serves the same purpose and presents the same information

5.1 Provide alternate text for each area in client-side image maps. H24: Providing text alternatives for the area elements of image maps
5.2 Use client-side image maps instead of server-side image maps unless areas cannot be defined with available shapes. n/a
6.1 Do not convey information with sound alone. G73: Providing a long description in another location with a link to it that is immediately adjacent to the non-text content
6.2 Do not automatically play audio.

G60: Playing a sound that turns off automatically within three seconds

G170: Providing a control near the beginning of the Web page that turns off sounds that play automatically

G171: Playing sounds only on user request

6.3 Provide text transcripts for audio containing speech when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees.

[G158: Providing an alternative for time-based media for audio-only content]

[G159: Providing an alternative for time-based media for video-only content]

[G166: Providing audio that describes the important video content and describing it as such]

7.1 Provide synchronized captions for all multimedia containing essential auditory information when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees.

G9: Creating captions for live synchronized media

G87: Providing closed captions

G93: Providing open (always visible) captions

7.2 Provide audio descriptions for all multimedia that contains essential visual information when it is provided to the public and/or required to be viewed by employees.

G8: Providing a movie with extended audio descriptions

G58: Placing a link to the alternative for time-based media immediately next to the non-text content

G69: Providing an alternative for time based media

G78: Providing a second, user-selectable, audio track that includes audio descriptions

G173: Providing a version of a movie with audio descriptions

H53: Using the body of the object element

8.1 Provide a means of pausing any moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information.

G4: Allowing the content to be paused and restarted from where it was paused

G11: Creating content that blinks for less than 5 seconds

G152: Setting animated gif images to stop blinking after n cycles (within 5 seconds)

G186: Using a control in the Web page that stops moving, blinking, or auto-updating content

G187: Using a technology to include blinking content that can be turned off via the user agent

G191: Providing a link, button, or other mechanism that reloads the page without any blinking content

SCR22: Using scripts to control blinking and stop it in five seconds or less

SCR33: Using script to scroll content, and providing a mechanism to pause it

8.2 Do not include content that flashes faster than 3 times per second.

G15: Using a tool to ensure that content does not violate the general flash threshold or red flash threshold

G19: Ensuring that no component of the content flashes more than three times in any 1-second period

G176: Keeping the flashing area small enough

9.1 Ensure that links are understandable out of context.

[G53: Identifying the purpose of a link using link text combined with the text of the enclosing sentence]

[G91: Providing link text that describes the purpose of a link]

[G189: Providing a control near the beginning of the Web page that changes the link text]

[H24: Providing text alternatives for the area elements of image maps]

[H30: Providing link text that describes the purpose of a link for anchor elements]

[H33: Supplementing link text with the title attribute]

[H77: Identifying the purpose of a link using link text combined with its enclosing list item]

[H78: Identifying the purpose of a link using link text combined with its enclosing paragraph]

[H79: Identifying the purpose of a link using link text combined with its enclosing table cell and associated table headings]

[H80: Identifying the purpose of a link using link text combined with the preceding heading element]

[H81: Identifying the purpose of a link in a nested list using link text combined with the parent list item under which the list is nested]

[C7: Using CSS to hide a portion of the link text]

[SCR30: Using scripts to change the link text]

9.2 Provide a means of skipping past repetitive navigation links.

G1: Adding a link at the top of each page that goes directly to the main content area

G123: Adding a link at the beginning of a block of repeated content to go to the end of the block

G124: Adding links at the top of the page to each area of the content

H50: Using map to group links

H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements

H69: Providing heading elements at the beginning of each section of content

H70: Using frame elements to group blocks of repeated material

SCR28: Using an expandable and collapsible menu to bypass block of content

9.3 Avoid using small links. n/a
9.4 Ensure that same-page links move keyboard focus as well as screen focus.

G90: Providing keyboard-triggered event handlers

H91: Using HTML form controls and links

SCR2: Using redundant keyboard and mouse event handlers

SCR20: Using both keyboard and other device-specific functions

SCR35: Making actions keyboard accessible by using the onclick event of anchors and buttons

10.1 Provide labels or titles for all form fields.

G83: Providing text descriptions to identify required fields that were not completed

G89: Providing expected data format and example

G130: Providing descriptive headings

G131: Providing descriptive labels

G162: Positioning labels to maximize predictability of relationships

G167: Using an adjacent button to label the purpose of a field

G184: Providing text instructions at the beginning of a form or set of fields that describes the necessary input

H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls

H65: Using the title attribute to identify form controls when the label element cannot be used

10.2 Provide legends for groups of form fields.

[G83: Providing text descriptions to identify required fields that were not completed]

[G89: Providing expected data format and example]

[G130: Providing descriptive headings]

[G131: Providing descriptive labels]

[G162: Positioning labels to maximize predictability of relationships]

[G167: Using an adjacent button to label the purpose of a field]

[G184: Providing text instructions at the beginning of a form or set of fields that describes the necessary input]

H71: Providing a description for groups of form controls using fieldset and legend elements

10.3 Ensure that form fields are in a logical tab order.

G59: Placing the interactive elements in an order that follows sequences and relationships within the content

H4: Creating a logical tab order through links, form controls, and objects

C27: Making the DOM order match the visual order

SCR26: Inserting dynamic content into the Document Object Model immediately following its trigger element

SCR27: Reordering page sections using the Document Object Model

SCR37: Creating Custom Dialogs in a Device Independent Way

10.4 Avoid placing non-focusable text between form fields. n/a
10.5 Ensure that text in form fields can be enlarged.

G142: Using a technology that has commonly-available user agents that support zoom

G146: Using liquid layout

G178: Providing controls on the Web page that allow users to incrementally change the size of all text on the page up to 200 percent

G179: Ensuring that there is no loss of content or functionality when the text resizes and text containers do not resize

C12: Using percent for font sizes

C13: Using named font sizes

C14: Using em units for font sizes

C28: Specifying the size of text containers using em units

SCR34: Calculating size and position in a way that scales with text size

11.1 Identify a header cell for each column and row in simple data tables.

H51: Using table markup to present tabular information

H63: Using the scope attribute to associate header cells and data cells in data tables

11.2 Identify relationships in complex data tables using id and headers attributes. H43: Using id and headers attributes to associate data cells with header cells in data tables
11.3 Provide summary attributes for data tables. H73: Using the summary attribute of the table element to give an overview of data tables
12.1 Provide concise, unique, and understandable titles for frames. G115: Using semantic elements to mark up structure
12.2 Avoid using hidden, empty, or non-essential frames. n/a
13.1 Ensure that scripted functions are usable with assistive technologies.

G10: Creating components using a technology that supports the accessibility API features of the platforms on which the user agents will be run to expose the names and roles, allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and provide notification of changes

G108: Using markup features to expose the name and role, allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and provide notification of changes

G135: Using the accessibility API features of a technology to expose names and roles, to allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and to provide notification of changes

H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls

H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements

H65: Using the title attribute to identify form controls when the label element cannot be used

H88: Using HTML according to spec

H91: Using HTML form controls and links

SCR21: Using functions of the Document Object Model (DOM) to add content to a page

13.2 Ensure that significant interactions can be performed with both keyboard and mouse.

G90: Providing keyboard-triggered event handlers

H91: Using HTML form controls and links

SCR2: Using redundant keyboard and mouse event handlers

SCR20: Using both keyboard and other device-specific functions

SCR35: Making actions keyboard accessible by using the onclick event of anchors and buttons

13.3 Avoid changing focus unexpectedly.

G13: Describing what will happen before a change to a form control that causes a change of context to occur is made

G80: Providing a submit button to initiate a change of context

G107: Using "activate" rather than "focus" as a trigger for changes of context

H32: Providing submit buttons

H84: Using a button with a select element to perform an action

13.4 Avoid changing content unexpectedly.

G13: Describing what will happen before a change to a form control that causes a change of context to occur is made

G80: Providing a submit button to initiate a change of context

G107: Using "activate" rather than "focus" as a trigger for changes of context

H32: Providing submit buttons

H84: Using a button with a select element to perform an action

14.1 Use accessible embedded objects whenever possible.

G10: Creating components using a technology that supports the accessibility API features of the platforms on which the user agents will be run to expose the names and roles, allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and provide notification of changes

G108: Using markup features to expose the name and role, allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and provide notification of changes

G135: Using the accessibility API features of a technology to expose names and roles, to allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and to provide notification of changes

H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls

H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements

H65: Using the title attribute to identify form controls when the label element cannot be used

H88: Using HTML according to spec

H91: Using HTML form controls and links

SCR21: Using functions of the Document Object Model (DOM) to add content to a page

14.2 If an inaccessible embedded object must be used, provide an accessible alternative that includes the same content and functionality. H53: Using the body of the object element
15.1 Provide natively accessible downloadable documents whenever possible.

G108: Using markup features to expose the name and role, allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and provide notification of changes

G135: Using the accessibility API features of a technology to expose names and roles, to allow user-settable properties to be directly set, and to provide notification of changes

H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls

H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements

H65: Using the title attribute to identify form controls when the label element cannot be used

H88: Using HTML according to spec

H91: Using HTML form controls and links

SCR21: Using functions of the Document Object Model (DOM) to add content to a page

15.2 If a downloadable document cannot be made natively accessible, provide an accessible alternative that includes the same content and functionality. n/a
16.1 Notify users of time limits and provide a means to extend time if possible.

G4: Allowing the content to be paused and restarted from where it was paused

G133: Providing a checkbox on the first page of a multipart form that allows users to ask for longer session time limit or no session time limit

G180: Providing the user with a means to set the time limit to 10 times the default time limit

G198: Providing a way for the user to turn the time limit off

SCR1: Allowing the user to extend the default time limit

SCR16: Providing a script that warns the user a time limit is about to expire

SCR33: Using script to scroll content, and providing a mechanism to pause it

SCR36: Providing a mechanism to allow users to display moving, scrolling, or auto-updating text in a static window or area

16.2 Do not automatically refresh the current page. n/a
17.1 When using tables for layout, ensure that reading order is logical.

G57: Ordering the content in a meaningful sequence

H34: Using a Unicode right-to-left mark (RLM) or left-to-right mark (LRM) to mix text direction inline

H56: Using the dir attribute on an inline element to resolve problems with nested directional runs

C6: Positioning content based on structural markup

C8: Using CSS letter-spacing to control spacing within a word

C27: Making the DOM order match the visual order

17.2 When using style sheets for layout, ensure that reading order is logical.

G57: Ordering the content in a meaningful sequence

H34: Using a Unicode right-to-left mark (RLM) or left-to-right mark (LRM) to mix text direction inline

H56: Using the dir attribute on an inline element to resolve problems with nested directional runs

C6: Positioning content based on structural markup

C8: Using CSS letter-spacing to control spacing within a word

C27: Making the DOM order match the visual order

17.3 Avoid horizontal scrolling. n/a