In addition to promoting optimal parent-child interactions, HFI services seek to reduce the occurence of negative outcomes in the parent-child interaction, such as excessive use of corporal punishment and child maltreatment.  As children become more mobile during the first year, parents face additional challenges in parenting.  It is expected that as their children grow and develop, HFI parents will display greater acceptance of the normal challenges of parenting encounterd during the first year of life, avoiding the use of restrictive and physically punishing behaviors.

Key findings from the HFI evaluation indicate that receipt of HFI services is associated with higher levels of acceptance (including less use of restriction and physical punishment) during the first year of life.  More specifically, parents involved in HFI services maintain significantly higher HOME acceptance scores (see Figure 4), relative to comparison parents, who received all other usual services.

Figure 4: HOME Acceptance scores by family Type

Description of Figure 4: HOME Acceptance scores by family Type

No data was provided along with the scanned pdf for this chart.  But this is what it visually looks like:

There are two lines on this chart, one of the lines represents the HFI group and the other the Comparison group.  These lines plot the HOME scores of each of the groups through the age ranges in the 1st year of life for the infants.  The scores for the HFI group are higher than the Comparison group. 

Legend:
HFI ( n = 530 )
Comparison ( n = 143 )

Although no other differential patterns of change were noted between HFI and comparison parents from birth to one year, the findings noted above support the proposition that HFI services are associated with more positive parenting practices during the first year of life.

"Since my support worker started coming, I am more aware of the stages my baby is going through as well as the stages to come.  She is wonderful." - quote from an HFI parent