The number of persons served by the WIC and FCM programs during SFY 2007 is presented in Table 1. FCM does not keep a separate count of the number of participating "post partum or breastfeeding women." However, under USDA guidelines, these women comprise a separate category of eligibility for the WIC program.

Table 1 Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programs by Type of Client and Program SFY 2007

 Type of Client Program: WIC Program: FCM
Pregnant Women 116,648 121,408
Post Partum or Breastfeeding Women 48,085 not applicable
Infants 182,983 170,894
Children 171,534 53,467
Total 519,250 345,769

The caseload of both programs has remained fairly constant or grown over the last several years, as illustrated in Table 2.

Table 2 Total Number of Persons Served in WIC and FCM Programsby Program and State Fiscal Year SFY 2002-2007

Program FY
2002
FY
2003
FY
2004
FY
2005
FY
2006
FY
2007
FCM 352,710 366,675 370,286 371,487 371,676 345,769
WIC 485,800 503,425 508,250 516,568 514,350 519,250

The WIC and FCM programs together reach more than 44 percent of all infants and nearly 85 percent of Medicaid-eligible infants born in Illinois each year. Women who are at greatest risk for giving birth prematurely or having a baby with other health problems are over-represented in the caseload of the WIC and FCM programs. More than two-thirds of African American women who give birth in Illinois each year, as well as two-thirds of Hispanic and Latino women, three-fourths of unmarried mothers and four-fifths of teen-aged mothers participate in the WIC or FCM programs each year. This indicates that these programs are reaching their intended target population. Please refer to Table 3.

WIC and FCM serve more than 44 percent of all infants born in Illinois and more than 85 percent of all Medicaid eligible infants.

Table 3 Number and Percent of All Live Births and Live Births to WIC or FCM Participants, by Demographic Group* Illinois, 2005

Group All Live Births
Number
All Live Births
Percent
WIC or FCM
Number
WIC or FCM
Percent
WIC or FCM
Percent of Group
White 134,418 77.2% 56,858 70.6% 42.3%
Black 30,069 17.3% 21,234 26.4% 70.6%
Asian and Native American** 9,709 5.6% 2,411 3.0% 24.8%
All 174,196 100.0% 80,503 100.0% 46.2%
Hispanic 43,273 24.8% 31,691 39.4% 73.2%
Single 64,952 37.3% 50,847 63.2% 78.3%
Teen 17,017 9.8% 14,670 18.2% 86.2%

* Resident live births occurring in Illinois. From birth file released to IDHS by IDPH.
**Includes all other races.