Facts You Should Know About Opiates - IDHS 4496

Helping Families. Supporting Communities. Empowering Individuals.

State of Illinois
Department of Human Services

Opiates are habit-forming drugs that dull the senses, relieve pain, and induce sleep. They may be in the form of a tar-like substance, or white or brownish powder. Three types of opiates are codeine, heroin, and morphine.

Slang Terms:

  • Smack Horse
  • Brown sugar Junk
  • Black Tar Dope
  • School boy White stuff
  • Harry Cube
  • Mud Big H
  • Skag Morf

Methods of Intake:

  • Injected
  • Smoked
  • Snorted


Opiates can launch a wave of intense pleasure followed by a few hours of feelings of peace.


Opiates can trigger a number of unpleasant, sometimes deadly effects.

Side Effects:

  • Vomiting
  • Cloudy thinking
  • Coma
  • Slowed motor skills
  • Constipation
  • Dilated pupils
  • Unconsciousness
  • Drowsiness
  • Depression of respiration

Withdrawal Symptoms:

Withdrawal symptoms begin within 24 hours after the last use and may last up to 7-10 days.

  • Uneasiness
  • Yawning
  • Crying
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Goose bumps
  • Runny nose
  • Tremors
  • Weight Loss



If you would like to know what substance abuse treatment providers are in your community, contact one of the following helplines:

  • 1-800-662-HELP
  • 1-800-662-9832 (Espanol)
  • 1-800-228-0427 (TTY)

OR, visit the following website: http://dasis4.samhsa.gov

If you have any questions about alcohol or other drugs, call:

Illinois Department of Human Services
Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse

  • 1-866-213-0548 (toll-free Voice)
  • 1-866-843-7344 (toll-free TTY)

If you have questions about any Illinois Department of Human Services (IDHS) program, call or visit your FCRC. We will answer your questions. If you do not know where your FCRC is or if you are unable to go there, you may call the automated helpline 24 hours a day at:

  • 1-800-843-6154
  • 1-800-447-6404 (TTY)

You may speak to a representative between: 8:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. Monday - Friday (except state holidays)

For answers to your questions, you may also write:

Illinois Department of Human Services
Bureau of Customer and Provider Assistance
100 South Grand Avenue East
Springfield, Illinois 62762

Visit our web site at: www.dhs.state.il.us

Programs, activities and employment opportunities in the Illinois Department of Human Services are open and accessible to any individual or group without regard to age, sex, race, sexual orientation, disability, ethnic origin or religion. The department is an equal opportunity employer and practices affirmative action and reasonable accommodation programs.

DHS 4496 (R-04-14) Drug Series - Opiates

Printed by the Authority of the State of Illinois.

200 copies P.O.#14-1078