PM 13-02-00

  1. Compare gross monthly income to the Gross Monthly Income Standard for the unit size for all SNAP units, except when: 
    1. The unit includes a qualifying member whose gross monthly income exceeds the Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  The unit must meet the Net Monthly Income Standard; or
    2. Every person in the SNAP unit is authorized to receive TANFtext deletedor SSI, including SSI cases in recoupment or suspension status.  See PM 13-01-01-a.
  2. Determine gross monthly income on the correct ACM or AIS screen, or SNAP Calculation Sheet (Form 683B). For cases processed through ACM, save the ACM SNAP calculation to Content Management.
  3. If total gross monthly income is equal to or less than the Gross Monthly Income Standard, or the unit has a qualifying member, compute the unit's net monthly income. Compare the unit's net monthly income to the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size (see WAG 13-01-01-b), except:
    1. Do not compare the net monthly income to the net income standard for categorically eligible units.
    2. Use the net monthly income amount to determine the monthly benefit amount.
    3. The net income must be at level where benefits are issued.  If the unit's net income is too high to receive a benefit amount, the case is ineligible.

NOTE: For applications processed through AIS/ACM, the system automatically compares income to the standard.

Computing Gross and Net Monthly Income

  1. Compute the earned income deduction by multiplying total gross earned income by .80 and rounding up to the nearest whole dollar.
  2. To compute monthly income, drop cents from all figures before and after each calculation, except for individual medical expenses, child support payments, and individual shelter costs.
  3. When determining actual medical expenses for SNAP units whose expenses exceed the appropriate Standard Medical Deduction, child support payments, and shelter costs, add the individual expenses or payments together and then drop cents.

The following 3 examples show the actual computation of gross and net monthly income. Monthly information used:

Example 1: gross earned income $700; TANF $233; dependent care costs $100; rent $475; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard $284.

Example 2: gross earned income $700; TANF $233; Standard Medical Deduction $245; dependent care costs $100; rent $475; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard $284.

Example 3: gross earned income $2,500; uearned income $450; Standard Medical Deduction $245; dependent care deduction $400; rent $850; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard $284.

Example 1: 3-person unit, (no sanctioned or IPV or qualifying member)

 Gross Income Test (130%)

$ 700 Total Earned Income

+ 233 Gross Unearned Income

$933 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of $2,008.

Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine benefit amount only. Do not compare to net monthly income standard.

$ 700 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 560 Total Net Earned Income
+ 233 Net Unearned Income
$ 793 Subtotal
- 143 Standard Deduction
$ 650 Total Adjusted Income
- 100 Dependent Care Costs
$ 550 Adjusted Net Income
- 459 Excess Shelter Deduction
$ 91 Net Monthly SNAP Income

Excess Shelter Deduction

$475 Rent
+284 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
$759 Shelter Costs
-275  $550 (Adjusted Net Income) divided by 2
$484 Excess Shelter Deduction

$459 is used, as that is the Maximum Excess Shelter Deduction for a unit without a qualifying member.

Example 2: 3 person unit includes a qualifying member

 Gross Income Test (200%)

$700 Total Earned Income

+233 Gross Unearned Income

$933 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of $3,088.

Gross income within Gross Monthly Income Standard.  Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine monthly benefit  amount only. Do not compare to the Net Montly Income Standard.

$ 700 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 560 Total Net Earned Income
+ 233 Net Unearned Income
$ 793 Subtotal
- 143 Standard Deduction
 $ 650 Total Adjusted Income
- 210 * Excess Medical Expenses
$ 440

- 100 Dependent Care Costs
$ 340 Adjusted Net Income
- 589 Excess Shelter Deduction
$0 Net Monthly SNAP Income

*Standard Medical Deducation

$ 245 Medical Expense Standard for a Qualifying Member
- 35  Medical Deduction

$ 210 Excess Medical Expenses

 **Excess Shelter Deduction

$475 Rent
+284 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
$759 Subtotal
-170 $340 (Adjusted Net Income) divided by 2
$ 589 Excess Shelter Deduction

$589 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member, and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

 Example 3: 3 person unit includes qualifying member

Gross Income Test (200% FPL)

$2,500 Total Earned Income

+450 Gross Unearned Income

$2,950 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of 3,088.

Gross income exceeds Gross Montly Income Standard (200% FPL).  Unit is not categorically eligible. Unit's net monthly income must be within the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size to be qualify for benefits.

Compute Net Monthly Income

$2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+ 450 Net Unearned Income
$ 2,450 Subtotal
-143 Standard Deduction
$ 2,307 Total Adjusted Income
- 565 Excess Medical Expenses
$1,742

-400 Dependent Care Costs
$1,342 Adjusted Net Income
-463 Excess Shelter Deduction
$879 Net Monthly SNAP Income compared to Net Income Standard for 3-persons of $1,545. 

Excess Medical Expenses

$ 600 Actual Medical Expenses of a Qualifying Member
- 35 Medical Deduction

$ 565 Excess Medical Expenses

 Excess Shelter Deduction

$850 Rent
+284 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
$1134 Subtotal
-671 $1,342(Adjusted Net Income) divided by 2
$463 Excess Shelter Deduction

$463 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member, and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

Computing Monthly Benefit Amount

Assign a monthly benefit based on the SNAP unit's net monthly income. See WAG 25-03-09 for the Basis of Issuance Table. The minimum full monthly benefit amount for a one or 2-person SNAP unit is $16.

To determine the monthly benefit for units of more than 10 persons, take the following steps:

  1. Multiply the unit's net monthly income by 30%. Round up to the next dollar if the answer ends in 1 through 99 cents.

    Example:

    $294.00 Net Monthly Income
    x .30
    $ 88.20 = $89.00 

  2. Subtract the whole dollar amount from the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit's size. Use the table below for the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit size.

    This amount is the unit's monthly benefit amount. 

 The maximum monthly benefit amounts by SNAP unit size are:

SNAP Unit Size Maximum Monthly Amount
1 Person $200
2 Persons 367
3 Persons 526
4 Persons 668
5 Persons 793
6 Persons 952
7 Persons 1,052
8 Persons 1,202
9 Persons 1,352
10 Persons 1,502
Each Additional Member + 150

Income Receipt Date

The income receipt date is the date that is used when determining the amount of income received during the month. The income receipt date varies depending on the type of income.

  • For earned income, the receipt date is the day the employer makes the check available to the employee, regardless of the date the employee actually takes possession of the check. If the employer normally mails checks, use the date the employee states the check was received, allowing a reasonable interval.
  • For Unemployment Insurance (UI) income, the debit card receipt date is 2 days following the mail date in AWVS.
  • For stable earned or unearned income regularly received once a month, budget the single payment each month, even if, due to variations in the date of receipt, no payments or 2 payments are received in a particular fiscal month. For stable earned or unearned income regularly received twice a month, budget 2 payments each month, even if, due to variations in the date of receipt, one payment or 3 payments are received in a particular fiscal month.