PM 13-02-00

  1. Compare gross monthly income to the Gross Monthly Income Standard for the unit size for all SNAP units, except when: 
    1. The unit includes a qualifying member whose gross monthly income exceeds the Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  The unit must meet the Net Monthly Income Standard; or
    2. Every person in the SNAP unit is authorized to receive TANF or SSI, including SSI cases in recoupment or suspension status.  See PM 13-01-01-a.
  2. Determine gross monthly income in IES. Use the SNAP Calculation Sheet (Form 683B), if necessary.
  3. If total gross monthly income is equal to or less than the Gross Monthly Income Standard, or the unit has a qualifying member, compute the unit's net monthly income. Compare the unit's net monthly income to the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size (see WAG 13-01-01-b), except:
    1. Do not compare the net monthly income to the net income standard for categorically eligible units.
    2. Use the net monthly income amount to determine the monthly benefit amount.
    3. The net income must be at level where benefits are issued.  If the unit's net income is too high to receive a benefit amount, the case is ineligible.

NOTE: IES automatically compares income to the standard.

Computing Gross and Net Monthly Income

  1. Compute the earned income deduction by multiplying total gross earned income by .80 and rounding up to the nearest whole dollar.
  2. To compute monthly income, drop cents from all figures before and after each calculation, except for individual medical expenses, child support payments, and individual shelter costs.
  3. When determining actual medical expenses for SNAP units whose expenses exceed the appropriate Standard Medical Deduction, child support payments, and shelter costs, add the individual expenses or payments together and then drop cents.

The following 3 examples show the actual computation of gross and net monthly income. Monthly information used:

Example 1: gross earned income revised manual text$2,500; TANF $233; dependent care costs $100; rent revised manual text$1,500; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard revised manual material$466.

Example 2: gross earned income revised manual text$2,500; TANF $233; Standard Medical Deduction $245; dependent care costs $100; revised manual textrent $1,500; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard revised manual text$466.

Example 3: gross earned income $2,500; unearned income $850; actual medical expenses $600; dependent care deduction $400; rent $1,200; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard revised manual text$466.

Example 1: 3-person unit, (no sanctioned or IPV or qualifying member)

Gross Income Test (165%)

$revised manual text2,500 Total Earned Income

+ 233 Gross Unearned Income

$ revised manual text2,733 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of revised manual text$2,858.

Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine benefit amount only. Do not compare to net monthly income standard.

revised manual text2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
revised manual text 2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+revised manual text233 Net Unearned Income
revised manual text2,233 Subtotal
-revised manual text157 Standard Deduction
$ manual text2,076 Total Adjusted Income
-100 Dependent Care Costs
$revised manual text1,976 Adjusted Net Income
-revised manual text552 Excess Shelter Deduction
$ revised manual text1,424 Net Monthly SNAP Income

Excess Shelter Deduction

$revised manual text1,500 Rent
+revised manual text466 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
$revised manual text1,966 Shelter Costs
-revised manual text988 =$(1976 Adjusted Net Income divided by 2)
$revised manual text978 Excess Shelter Deduction

$revised manual text552 is used, as that is the Maximum Excess Shelter Deduction for a unit without a qualifying member.

Example 2: 3 person unit includes a qualifying member

Gross Income Test (200%)

$ revised manual text2,500 Total Earned Income

+233 Gross Unearned Income

$revised manual text 2,733 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of revised manual text$3,463.

Gross income within Gross Monthly Income Standard.  Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine monthly benefit amount only. Do not compare to the Net Monthly Income Standard.

$revised manual texr2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
revised manual text2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+233 Net Unearned Income
$revised manual text2,233 Subtotal
-revised manual text157 Standard Deduction
$ revised manual text2,076 Total Adjusted Income
-210 * Excess Medical Expenses
$revised manual text1,866

-100 Dependent Care Costs
$revised manual text1,766 Adjusted Net Income
-revised manual text1,083**Excess Shelter Deduction
revised manual text683 Net Monthly SNAP Income

*Standard Medical Deducation

$245 Medical Expense Standard for a Qualifying Member
-35  Medical Deduction

$210 Excess Medical Expenses

 **Excess Shelter Deduction

$revised manual text1,500 Rent
+revised manual text466  Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
$revised manual text1,966 Subtotal
- revised manual text883  ($1766 Adjusted Net Income divided by 2)

revised manual text1,083 Excess Shelter Deduction

revised manual text$1,083 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

Example 3: 3 person unit includes qualifying member

Gross Income Test (200% FPL)

$2,500 Total Earned Income

+980 Gross Unearned Income

$3,480 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of revised manual text$3,463.

Gross income exceeds Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  Unit is not categorically eligible. Unit's net monthly income must be within the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size to qualify for benefits.

Compute Net Monthly Income

$2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+980 Net Unearned Income
$2,980 Subtotal
-revised manual text157 Standard Deduction
$revised manual material2,823 Total Adjusted Income
- 565 Excess Medical Expenses
$revised manual text2,258

-400 Dependent Care Costs
$revised manual text1,858 Adjusted Net Income

-revised manual text737 Excess Shelter Deduction
$1,121 Net Monthly SNAP Income compared to Net Income Standard for 3-persons of revised manual text$1,732. 

Excess Medical Expenses

$600 Actual Medical Expenses 
-35 Medical Deduction

$565 Excess Medical Expenses

 Excess Shelter Deduction

$1,200 Rent
+revised manual text466 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
$revised manual text1,666 Subtotal
-revised manual text929 ($1,858 Adjusted Net Income divided by 2)
revised manual text $737 Excess Shelter Deduction

revised manual text$737 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member, and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

Computing Monthly Benefit Amount

Assign a monthly benefit based on the SNAP unit's net monthly income. See WAG 25-03-09 for the Basis of Issuance Table. The minimum full monthly benefit amount for a 1 or 2-person SNAP unit is $15.

To determine the monthly benefit for units of more than 10 persons, take the following steps:

  1. Multiply the unit's net monthly income by 30%. Round up to the next dollar if the answer ends in 1 through 99 cents.

    Example:

    $294.00 Net Monthly Income
    x .30
    $88.20 = $89.00 

  2. Subtract the whole dollar amount from the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit's size. Use the table below for the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit size.

    This amount is the unit's monthly benefit amount. 

 The maximum monthly benefit amounts by SNAP unit size are:

SNAP Unit Size revised manual textMaximum Monthly Amount
1 Person $192
2 Persons 353
3 Persons 505
4 Persons 642
5 Persons 762
6 Persons 914
7 Persons 1,011
8 Persons 1,155
9 Persons 1,299
10 Persons 1,443
Each Additional Member +144

Income Receipt Date

The income receipt date is the date that is used when determining the amount of income received during the month. The income receipt date varies depending on the type of income.

  • For earned income, the receipt date is the day the employer makes the check available to the employee, regardless of the date the employee actually takes possession of the check. If the employer normally mails checks, use the date the employee states the check was received, allowing a reasonable interval.
  • For Unemployment Insurance (UI) income, the debit card receipt date is 2 days following the mail date in AWVS.
  • For stable earned or unearned income regularly received once a month, budget the single payment each month, even if, due to variations in the date of receipt, no payments or 2 payments are received in a particular fiscal month. For stable earned or unearned income regularly received twice a month, budget 2 payments each month, even if, due to variations in the date of receipt, one payment or 3 payments are received in a particular fiscal month.