PM 13-02-00

  1. Compare gross monthly income to the Gross Monthly Income Standard for the unit size for all SNAP units, except when: 
    1. The unit includes a qualifying member whose gross monthly income exceeds the Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  The unit must meet the Net Monthly Income Standard; or
    2. Every person in the SNAP unit is authorized to receive TANF or SSI, including SSI cases in recoupment or suspension status.  See PM 13-01-01-a.
  2. Determine gross monthly income on the correct ACM screen, IES page, or SNAP Calculation Sheet (Form 683B). For cases processed through ACM, save the ACM SNAP calculation to Content Management.
  3. If total gross monthly income is equal to or less than the Gross Monthly Income Standard, or the unit has a qualifying member, compute the unit's net monthly income. Compare the unit's net monthly income to the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size (see WAG 13-01-01-b), except:
    1. Do not compare the net monthly income to the net income standard for categorically eligible units.
    2. Use the net monthly income amount to determine the monthly benefit amount.
    3. The net income must be at level where benefits are issued.  If the unit's net income is too high to receive a benefit amount, the case is ineligible.

NOTE: For applications processed through ACM, the system automatically compares income to the standard.

Computing Gross and Net Monthly Income

  1. Compute the earned income deduction by multiplying total gross earned income by .80 and rounding up to the nearest whole dollar.
  2. To compute monthly income, drop cents from all figures before and after each calculation, except for individual medical expenses, child support payments, and individual shelter costs.
  3. When determining actual medical expenses for SNAP units whose expenses exceed the appropriate Standard Medical Deduction, child support payments, and shelter costs, add the individual expenses or payments together and then drop cents.

The following 3 examples show the actual computation of gross and net monthly income. Monthly information used:

Example 1: gross earned income $700; TANF $233; dependent care costs $100; rent $475; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard Revised Text$388.

Example 2: gross earned income $700; TANF $233; Standard Medical Deduction $245; dependent care costs $100; rent $475; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard Revised Text$388.

Example 3: gross earned income $2,500; unearned income $850; actual medical expenses $600; dependent care deduction $400; rent $1,200; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard Revised Text$388.

Example 1: 3-person unit, (no sanctioned or IPV or qualifying member)

Gross Income Test (165%)

$ 700 Total Earned Income

+ 233 Gross Unearned Income

$933 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of Revised Text$2,772.

Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine benefit amount only. Do not compare to net monthly income standard.

$ 700 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 560 Total Net Earned Income
+ 233 Net Unearned Income
$ 793 Subtotal
Revised Text- 150 Standard Deduction
Revised Text$ 643 Total Adjusted Income
- 100 Dependent Care Costs
Revised Text$ 543 Adjusted Net Income
Revised Text- 517 Excess Shelter Deduction
Revised Text$26 Net Monthly SNAP Income

Excess Shelter Deduction

$475 Rent
Revised Text+388 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
Revised Text$863 Shelter Costs
Revised Text-271  $543 (Adjusted Net Income) divided by 2
Revised Text$592 Excess Shelter Deduction

Revised Text$517 is used, as that is the Maximum Excess Shelter Deduction for a unit without a qualifying member.

Example 2: 3 person unit includes a qualifying member

Gross Income Test (200%)

$700 Total Earned Income

+233 Gross Unearned Income

$933 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of Revised Text$3,360.

Gross income within Gross Monthly Income Standard.  Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine monthly benefit amount only. Do not compare to the Net Monthly Income Standard.

$ 700 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 560 Total Net Earned Income
+ 233 Net Unearned Income
$ 793 Subtotal
Revised Text- 150 Standard Deduction
 Revised Text$ 643 Total Adjusted Income
- 210 * Excess Medical Expenses
Revised Text$ 433

- 100 Dependent Care Costs
Revised Text$ 333 Adjusted Net Income
revised text697 **Excess Shelter Deduction
$0 Net Monthly SNAP Income

*Standard Medical Deducation

$ 245 Medical Expense Standard for a Qualifying Member
- 35  Medical Deduction

$ 210 Excess Medical Expenses

 **Excess Shelter Deduction

$475 Rent
Revised Text+388 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
Revised Text$863 Subtotal
Revised Text-166 $333 (Adjusted Net Income) divided by 2
Revised Text$697 Excess Shelter Deduction

Revised Text$697 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member, and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

Example 3: 3 person unit includes qualifying member

Gross Income Test (200% FPL)

$2,500 Total Earned Income

Revised Text+900 Gross Unearned Income

Revised Text$3,400 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard ofRevised Text$3,360.

Gross income exceeds Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  Unit is not categorically eligible. Unit's net monthly income must be within the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size to qualify for benefits.

Compute Net Monthly Income

$2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
$ 2,000 Total Net Earned Income
Revised Text+ 900 Net Unearned Income
Revised Text$ 2,900 Subtotal
Revised Text-150 Standard Deduction
Revised Text$ 2,750 Total Adjusted Income
- 565 Excess Medical Expenses
Revised Text$2,185

-400 Dependent Care Costs
Revised Text$1,785 Adjusted Net Income
-revised text696 Excess Shelter Deduction
Revised Text$1,089 Net Monthly SNAP Income compared to Net Income Standard for 3-persons of Revised Text$1,680. 

Excess Medical Expenses

$ 600 Actual Medical Expenses 
- 35 Medical Deduction

$ 565 Excess Medical Expenses

 Excess Shelter Deduction

$1,200 Rent
Revised Text+388 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
Revised Text$1588 Subtotal
Revised Text-892 $1,785(Adjusted Net Income) divided by 2
Revised Text$696 Excess Shelter Deduction

Revised Text$696 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member, and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

Computing Monthly Benefit Amount

Assign a monthly benefit based on the SNAP unit's net monthly income. See WAG 25-03-09 for the Basis of Issuance Table. The minimum full monthly benefit amount for a 1 or 2-person SNAP unit is $16.

To determine the monthly benefit for units of more than 10 persons, take the following steps:

  1. Multiply the unit's net monthly income by 30%. Round up to the next dollar if the answer ends in 1 through 99 cents.

    Example:

    $294.00 Net Monthly Income
    x .30
    $ 88.20 = $89.00 

  2. Subtract the whole dollar amount from the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit's size. Use the table below for the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit size.

    This amount is the unit's monthly benefit amount. 

 The maximum monthly benefit amounts by SNAP unit size are:

SNAP Unit Size Maximum Monthly Amount
1 Person $194
2 Persons 357
3 Persons 511
4 Persons 649
5 Persons 771
6 Persons 925
7 Persons 1,022
8 Persons 1,169
9 Persons 1,315
10 Persons 1,461
Each Additional Member + 146

Income Receipt Date

The income receipt date is the date that is used when determining the amount of income received during the month. The income receipt date varies depending on the type of income.

  • For earned income, the receipt date is the day the employer makes the check available to the employee, regardless of the date the employee actually takes possession of the check. If the employer normally mails checks, use the date the employee states the check was received, allowing a reasonable interval.
  • For Unemployment Insurance (UI) income, the debit card receipt date is 2 days following the mail date in AWVS.
  • For stable earned or unearned income regularly received once a month, budget the single payment each month, even if, due to variations in the date of receipt, no payments or 2 payments are received in a particular fiscal month. For stable earned or unearned income regularly received twice a month, budget 2 payments each month, even if, due to variations in the date of receipt, one payment or 3 payments are received in a particular fiscal month.