PM 13-02-00

1. Compare gross monthly income to the Gross Monthly Income Standard for the unit size for all SNAP units, except when:
1. The unit includes a qualifying member whose gross monthly income exceeds the Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  The unit must meet the Net Monthly Income Standard; or
2. Every person in the SNAP unit is authorized to receive TANF or SSI, including SSI cases in recoupment or suspension status.  See PM 13-01-01-a.
2. Determine gross monthly income in IES. Use the SNAP Calculation Sheet (Form 683B), if necessary.
3. If total gross monthly income is equal to or less than the Gross Monthly Income Standard, or the unit has a qualifying member, compute the unit's net monthly income. Compare the unit's net monthly income to the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size (see WAG 13-01-01-b), except:
1. Do not compare the net monthly income to the net income standard for categorically eligible units.
2. Use the net monthly income amount to determine the monthly benefit amount.
3. The net income must be at level where benefits are issued.  If the unit's net income is too high to receive a benefit amount, the case is ineligible.

NOTE: IES automatically compares income to the standard.

## Computing Gross and Net Monthly Income

1. Compute the earned income deduction by multiplying total gross earned income by .80 and rounding up to the nearest whole dollar.
2. To compute monthly income, drop cents from all figures before and after each calculation, except for individual medical expenses, child support payments, and individual shelter costs.
3. When determining actual medical expenses for SNAP units whose expenses exceed the appropriate Standard Medical Deduction, child support payments, and shelter costs, add the individual expenses or payments together and then drop cents.

The following 3 examples show the actual computation of gross and net monthly income. Monthly information used:

Example 1: gross earned income \$2,500; TANF \$233; dependent care costs \$100; rent \$1,500; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard \$466.

Example 2: gross earned income \$2,500; TANF \$233; Standard Medical Deduction \$245; dependent care costs \$100; rent \$1,500; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard \$466.

Example 3: gross earned income \$2,500; unearned income \$850; actual medical expenses \$600; dependent care deduction \$400; rent \$1,200; Air Conditioning/Heating Standard \$466.

### Gross Income Test (165%)

\$2,500 Total Earned Income

+ 233 Gross Unearned Income

\$ 2,733 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of \$2,858.

#### Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine benefit amount only. Do not compare to net monthly income standard.

2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+233 Net Unearned Income
2,233 Subtotal
-157 Standard Deduction
-100 Dependent Care Costs
-552 Excess Shelter Deduction
\$ 1,424 Net Monthly SNAP Income

Excess Shelter Deduction

\$1,500 Rent
+466 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
\$1,966 Shelter Costs
-988 =\$(1976 Adjusted Net Income divided by 2)
\$978 Excess Shelter Deduction

\$552 is used, as that is the Maximum Excess Shelter Deduction for a unit without a qualifying member.

### Gross Income Test (200%)

\$ 2,500 Total Earned Income

+233 Gross Unearned Income

\$ 2,733 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of \$3,463.

Gross income within Gross Monthly Income Standard.  Unit is categorically eligible. Compute Net Monthly Income and use to determine monthly benefit amount only. Do not compare to the Net Monthly Income Standard.

\$2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+233 Net Unearned Income
\$2,233 Subtotal
-157 Standard Deduction
-210 * Excess Medical Expenses
\$1,866

-100 Dependent Care Costs
-1,083**Excess Shelter Deduction
683 Net Monthly SNAP Income

*Standard Medical Deducation

\$245 Medical Expense Standard for a Qualifying Member
-35  Medical Deduction

\$210 Excess Medical Expenses

**Excess Shelter Deduction

\$1,500 Rent
+466  Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
\$1,966 Subtotal
- 883  (\$1766 Adjusted Net Income divided by 2)

1,083 Excess Shelter Deduction

\$1,083 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

### Gross Income Test (200% FPL)

\$2,500 Total Earned Income

+980 Gross Unearned Income

\$3,480 Total income to compare to 3-person gross monthly income standard of \$3,463.

Gross income exceeds Gross Monthly Income Standard (200% FPL).  Unit is not categorically eligible. Unit's net monthly income must be within the Net Monthly Income Standard for the unit size to qualify for benefits.

### Compute Net Monthly Income

\$2,500 Total Earned Income
x .80 EI Deduction, multiply by .80 (round up)
\$ 2,000 Total Net Earned Income
+980 Net Unearned Income
\$2,980 Subtotal
-157 Standard Deduction
- 565 Excess Medical Expenses
\$2,258

-400 Dependent Care Costs

-737 Excess Shelter Deduction
\$1,121 Net Monthly SNAP Income compared to Net Income Standard for 3-persons of \$1,732.

Excess Medical Expenses

\$600 Actual Medical Expenses
-35 Medical Deduction

\$565 Excess Medical Expenses

Excess Shelter Deduction

\$1,200 Rent
+466 Air Conditioning/Heating Standard
\$1,666 Subtotal
-929 (\$1,858 Adjusted Net Income divided by 2)
\$737 Excess Shelter Deduction

\$737 is used, since the unit includes a qualifying member, and the excess shelter deduction does not have a maximum limit.

## Computing Monthly Benefit Amount

Assign a monthly benefit based on the SNAP unit's net monthly income. See WAG 25-03-09 for the Basis of Issuance Table. The minimum full monthly benefit amount for a 1 or 2-person SNAP unit is \$15.

To determine the monthly benefit for units of more than 10 persons, take the following steps:

1. Multiply the unit's net monthly income by 30%. Round up to the next dollar if the answer ends in 1 through 99 cents.

Example:

\$294.00 Net Monthly Income
x .30
\$88.20 = \$89.00

2. Subtract the whole dollar amount from the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit's size. Use the table below for the maximum monthly benefit amount for the unit size.

This amount is the unit's monthly benefit amount.

The maximum monthly benefit amounts by SNAP unit size are:

SNAP Unit Size Maximum Monthly Amount
1 Person \$192
2 Persons 353
3 Persons 505
4 Persons 642
5 Persons 762
6 Persons 914
7 Persons 1,011
8 Persons 1,155
9 Persons 1,299
10 Persons 1,443