Child abuse is an action that causes or creates the risk of causing a child (by other than accidental means):
- physical injury;
- harm to physical or emotional health; or
- loss or impairment of any body function.
Child abuse also includes any act of sexual abuse, torture, or severe punishment.
Child abuse can be committed by a parent or any other person who has continuing access on a regular basis to the child.
Child neglect is when a parent or any person the child depends on:
- fails to give the proper or necessary support, education, medical, or other care needed for the child's well-being; or
- abandons the child.