Facts You Should Know about Cocaine (Benzoylecognine) - DHS 4491

Helping Families. Supporting Communities. Empowering Individuals.

State of Illinois
Department of Human Services

Benzoylecognine, more commonly referred to as Cocaine, is a powerful central nervous system stimulant that is in the form of a white crystalline powder.

Slang Terms:

  • Coke
  • Snow
  • Flake
  • Nose candy
  • Blow
  • Big C
  • Snowbirds
  • Lady
  • White

Methods of Intake:

  • Snorted
  • Injected

THE HIGH:

Cocaine heightens alertness, inhibits appetite and the need for sleep, and provides intense feelings of pleasure. The high appears almost immediately after a single dose and disappears within a few minutes or hours. The duration of the high depends on the route of administration. The faster the absorption of the cocaine occurs, the more intense but shorter in duration the high will be.

THE LOW:

Cocaine can trigger a number of unpleasant, sometimes deadly effects. Prolonged cocaine snorting can result in ulceration of the mucous membrane of the nose and can damage the nasal septum enough to cause it to collapse.

Side Effects:

  • Rapid speech
  • Bizarre behavior
  • Tremors
  • Muscle twitche
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Seizures
  • Blurred Vision
  • Headaches
  • Insomnia
  • Heart attack
  • Coma

Withdrawal Symptoms:

  • A cocaine high is short lived, and once the drug leaves the brain the user experiences a "coke crash."
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep & eating disorders
  • Depression
  • Irritability

Sources:

SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT FACILITY LOCATOR

If you would like to know what substance abuse treatment providers are in your community, contact one of the following helplines:

  • 1-800-662-HELP
  • 1-800-662-9832 (Espanol)
  • 1-800-228-0427 (TTY)
  • OR, visit the following website: http://dasis4.samhsa.gov

If you have any questions about alcohol or other drugs, call:

Illinois Department of Human Services
Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse
1-866-213-0548 (toll-free Voice)
1-866-843-7344 (toll-free TTY)

If you have questions about any Illinois Department of Human Services (IDHS) program, call or visit your FCRC. We will answer your questions. If you do not know where your FCRC is or if you are unable to go there, you may call the automated helpline 24 hours a day at:

1-800-843-6154
1-800-447-6404 (TTY)

You may speak to a representative between:

8:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Monday - Friday (except state holidays)

For answers to your questions, you may also write:

Illinois Department of Human Services

Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse

1-866-213-0548 (toll-free Voice)

1-866-843-7344 (toll-free TTY)

If you have questions about any Illinois Department of Human Services (IDHS)

program, call or visit your FCRC. We will answer your questions. If you do not

know where your FCRC is or if you are unable to go there, you may call the

automated helpline 24 hours a day at:

1-800-843-6154

1-800-447-6404 (TTY)

You may speak to a representative between:

8:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.

Monday - Friday (except state holidays)

For answers to your questions, you may also write:

Illinois Department of Human Services

Bureau of Customer and Provider Assistance

100 South Grand Avenue East

Springfield, Illinois 62762

Visit our web site at:

www.dhs.state.il.us

Programs, activities and employment opportunities in the Illinois Department of Human Services are open and accessible to any individual or group without regard to age, sex, race, sexual orientation, disability, ethnic origin or religion. The department is an equal opportunity employer and practices affirmative action and reasonable accommodation programs.

DHS 4491 (R-07-06) Drug Series - Cocaine

Printed by the Authority of the State of Illinois.

4,100 copies P.O.# FM32